J101-Grammar for Communication
J101-Grammar for Communication
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This 19 page Reader was uploaded by Morgan Miller on Wednesday April 23, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 103 views.
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What is Karma?
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Date Created: 04/23/14
Making Modifications Adjectives adverbs and prepositions provide writers the tools to fill in details so that the readers aren39t left to make conclusions they also add additional specifics Adjectives Adverbs and Prepositions Adjective provide details about nouns including gerunds and infinitivesand provide more information about subject andor o ject details can be descri tive providing more information example the aug ing man watc ed TV can be limiting making clear which one of somethin the writer means example That car is m favorite includes words such as a an the this t at any and many and most numbers adjectives may come immediately before the noun they modif or they may follow a linking verb describe t e condition of the subject such as is are eel or smell Adjectives Can modify more than one part of speech Works with verbs adjectives and other adverbs Examples The children were quickly brought to school Modifies brought which is a verb The woman is the usually timid salesperson Modifies timid which is an adjective The racecar drove very slowly Modifies slowly which is an adverb Can also tell how reluctantly when yesterday where downstairs to what extent quite Adverbs K To what extent Creepily After before Away Extremely Luckily When then Here there Not Permanently Daily weekly In out Quite monthly Romantically Sooner later Somewhere Really nowhere Thirstily Today Upstairs very tomorrow downstairs yesterday When an adjective comes before the noun it modifies writers usually have no problems Adjectives that follow linking verbs are more difficult Verbs that are forms of to be is are am was were be being been are alwa s linking verbs any modifier that follows is almost a ways an adjective Example Linking Use adjective The dogs fur felt soft The ice cream tastes sour Action Use adverb She felt the rabbit softly The girl tastes the ice cream slowly Linking and actionverbs appear become feel grow look prove remain smell taste Tell us wherewhen and many words that may be prepositions may also be adverbs How do you tell the difference Prepositions require objects whereas adverbs do not Example She said she was going out Adverb She may have been out of her mind Preposition and its object The most commonly used prepositions are at by for from in of on to with A preposition and its object make up a prepositional phrase Because prepositions never contain a subject any pronoun in a prepositiona phrase will either be in the objective or possessive case never nominative Prepositions 1 goodwell and badpoorly Good is an adjective Well can be an adjective or an adverb Bad is an adjective Badlypoorly are adverbs goodbad can also be nouns Example Despite training my dog still listens badly Modifies action verb listens After her recital I felt bad the audience didn39t clap Modifies I fetinking verb Challenging Issues 2 Comparing people and things Adjectives and adverbs are the parts of speech that allow us to compare people places and things Comparative modifiers are those used when only two people or things are compared In eneral when an adjective or adverb are just one syl able add er to the end stronger faster larger Adjectives with 3 syllables and adverbs ending in y almost always require adding the word more or less Superlative modifiers are used when comparing more than two people places or things add est to proceed the adjective with most or east bestworst unique Example Despite weighing so little Heath is stronger than her older bigger brother Doug Of the five people in the family Heath is the strongest 3 Fewerless numberamount If you can count the noun use fewer number Example I have fewer assignments than yesterday If you can39t count it use less amount I have less math homework than last week 4 Punctuating adjectives in a list It depends if you need commas or not between adjectives If adjectives can be reordered or if you can insert the word and between them you should use commas between them 6 Sometimes adverbs join things conjunctive adverbs Example also certainly consequently nally furthermore however incidentally meanwhile moreover neveress otherwise then therefor thus 7 Empty Adverbs Don39t add any important information Examples really totally completely incredibly actually basically constantly literally seriously so very 9 Improper preposition use Usually right to end sentences with a preposition Example This is the state I grew up in Two prepositions This is the town in which I grew up One prepositionpreferred use 1 Choose the best word that goes with the sentence I want to go to Vegas so badbady I can39t imagine it Because her karma was good the day was perfectperfecty I hear you oudoudy and cearceary The compost pile smells horribehorriby Practice