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Test 101, Week 1 Notes

by: Ivonne Ayala

Test 101, Week 1 Notes Test 101

Marketplace > Florida Atlantic University > Test 101 > Test 101 Week 1 Notes
Ivonne Ayala
GPA 3.1

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivonne Ayala on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Test 101 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Ivonne Ayala in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
Ivonne Ayala SOW 1005 Professor Colvin 22 September 2016 Reading Notes            According to Mapp, if social workers focus on human rights then they can focus on  achieving social justice. This chapter focuses on the way we abuse human rights and violate it all over the world. The UDHR states three areas of rights including, political/civil, social economic,  and collective rights. Political and civil rights are referred to as “negative freedoms” because  they don’t let the government abuse their power. An example of political/civil rights would be,  freedom of speech and the right to fair trial. Social, economic, and social rights are referred to as  “positive freedoms” because they require the government to take action for them to be realized  as individuals. An example would be, the right to medical care, the right to an education, and the  right to a fair wage. Collective rights are rights for groups of people. Examples include rights to  religion, peace, and development. Most countries that are poor such as China and North Korea  focus more on the violation of economic and social rights as opposed to political and civil. I  believe this to be true considering the people of North Korea and their limitation of freedom of  speech.            Mapp talks about the idea of universality and indivisibility and how some countries argue  against this because they believe that human rights should not be regarded as indivisible by the  government. Other countries feel that human rights cannot be universally or culturally relevant  because they constantly conflict with each other. However, the UN says that human rights are a  minimum standard and each country should be able to meet it in their own ways. Because of this  issue social workers must recognize the human rights in that country while considering the way  those people are cultured. It’s hard to achieve social justice (contemporary rights) when one  country doesn’t value certain rights. In addition, the book goes on to talk about the idea of  cultural relativism. Cultural relativism states that rights are not “one size fits all”. In my opinion,  I feel this to be true because even though human rights are a minimum standard waiting to be  met, some countries like China or North Korea have their own perspective and interpretation  about what human rights can be respected and what rights can be ignored. Because of this  conflict, some countries have more human rights to meet than others. Therefore, human rights  are not standard, they must be fitted to each individual situation.            There are three barriers that prevents people receiving all of their human rights. These  barriers are discrimination, poverty, and lack of education. If someone has a lack of education,  they cannot receive a good paying job, leading to poverty. If someone discriminates against race, sex, gender, then by default that individual may not be able to work there. Discrimination  violates human rights as a whole while stripping away individual rights such as, the right to a fair trial, the right to a job that pays living wage, the right to medical care, etc. Poverty limits the  social human rights that person could receive if their financial situation wasn’t suffering. I agree  to these barriers because I truly feel like these three things cause a vicious cycle to the  impoverished. How can someone go receive and education without any money or transportation  to get there? How can someone feed their family without a good paying job to pay for groceries?


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