HIS202 Revolution continued
HIS202 Revolution continued HIS 202
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Hodapp on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 202 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Frank Byrne (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Political results of the revolution in the states: Adoption of new constitutions Patterns of government Power of states Legislature has more power tied to citizens, courts weak, states themselves are powerful Politics and culture in the new republic: Articles of confederation The confederation period 178198 functioned under first constitution Achievements Complaints against Moves for stronger central government Does well: Western land settling> create states, create a system where land can be sold. Money used to build schools The old north west will not have slavery argue that true democracy cannot thrive if slavery exists. Creates a pattern Problems: Diplomacy no army, control of boarders, taxes Trade federal government cannot control trade policy Debt every state in debt because of paying for war supplies, war bonds. Cannot raise taxes no federal tax cannot pay off debt Drafting the constitution: Constitutional convention in Philadelphia 1787 Agreed on: believed that democracy had gone too far during the revolution Key element of government is to protect private propert. Government must have power to tax pay off debt New government regulate trade worried about slavery Nationalize state militia Shay’s Rebellion Purpose of electoral college Nullify votes James Madison Father of the constitution Ratification of document people opposed (western farmers) Regional and class element The Washington Administration 178996 & the rise of the first Party system Alexander Hamilton vs. Thomas Jefferson Significance of Hamilton’s influence Hamilton is a member of Washington’s staff o Favor strong central government too democratic o Creates bank of US Supports manufacturing rise of industry not passed by congress Jefferson well educated, attended William and Mary, thinks opposite of Hamilton little manufacturing Majority of citizens should be farmers selfsufficient not dependent on other people. Argues constitution interpreted strictly opposed bank of US 1794 Whiskey Rebellion central Pennsylvania Farmers concerned with how they are making their money. Popular cropcorn. Hard to transfer distilled into whiskey to add value. Pennsylvania and the federal government adds tax on distilled whiskey to raise revenue. Shay’s rebellion did not have authority to organize militia. Whiskey rebellion had an army of over 10000 men. Washington’s army goes out Rebellion falls James Madison allows rebellion Democraticrepublican party Washington/ Adams/ Hamilton – Federalists French Revolution 18 century 1789 Significance: Many Americans lived in France Most Americans supported revolution Good turn of events French taking democracy overthrow Louis XVI Popularized handshake= equality Wants to spread revolution violence spread US alliance with France, US feels they are not obligated to help 1793 Louis XVI is executed along with his family Extreme violence. Stop revolution Washington/ Adams/ Hamilton Jefferson reject: does not support execution but understands it. Democraticrepublican Party forms clubs The presidency of John Adams 17971801 war leadereducated Federalist (Alien and Sedition Acts 1798) The democraticrepublican response (Virginia & Kentucky resolutions 1798) Rise of parties’ problematic 1790s parties see each other as a threat to the country. Federalists don’t want to open up the west Alienate Fear that Jefferson will overturn government immigrants coming in mainly SctochIrish Newspaper editors working with Jefferson Federalists pass legislation Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Alien act extended period for immigrant to become a nationalized citizen from 514 years. Thought it would prevent immigrants from voting. Sedition act 1798 public statements if found to have seditious language then that person could be put in jail with writ of habeas corpus. Virginia and Kentucky resolutions Issued by state government passed legislation that violates rights> nullify them Madison views significance wrote document Jefferson’s triumph: “The Second American Revolution” Success and failures/ Thomas Jefferson’s administration Marbury v. Madison, 1803 Judicial review Marbury v. Madison Under legislation Legislation goes to supreme court 1803 Marshall (federalist) More powerful court Not clear that court can nullify law Executive branch enforces supreme court decision. Issues decision unanimous vote Marbury’s interpretation is correct he should get position from Madison but the law itself is unconstitutional. The supreme court declared federal legislation unconstitutional for the first time significance
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