Popular in World History 20th Century
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Hodapp on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 102 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Holly Mann (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Turn of the Century 1900 Hope and Despair Hope What man can achieve Despair Not able to achieve Industrial Revolution th Great Britain 18 Century New inventions / discoveries Abundance of natural resources o Steel replaces iron o Electricity o Internal combustion engine o 1903 first flight Henry Ford assembly line believed that employees should purchase product A world economy Transportation connects economy Beginning of competition and conquest Social changes: Urbanization Emergence of middle class Education Voting middle class men Public health> tenement housing> multiple families o No proper ventilation disease spread rapidly no medical insurance Decline of the old order Liberalism v. conservatism Heredity monarchy under attack Socialism 1848 Marx and Engels published Communist Manifesto Nationalism A strong belief in the nation state based on ethnic similarities Nation state countries, boarders Unification of Germany (1870) & Italy (1871) Otto Von Bismarck 18151898 unites Germany through war The Ottoman Empire and the Balkans 1829 Serbian Independence 1830 Greek Independence 1861 Romanian Independence Latin America Colonial governments overthrown in Mexico, Chile, and Argentina. The US and Canada Become industrial Intellectual and Cultural Changes Science and new physics Max Planck 18581947 Albert Einstein 18791955 Freud 18561939 Literature and the Arts Naturalism and Emile Zola 18401902 Impressionism o Monet 18401926 Expressionism Van Gogh 18531890 Starry Night Munch 18631944 Scream Pablo Picasso 18811973 and Cubism