Animal Food Industry - Overview
Animal Food Industry - Overview ADVS 1110
Utah State University
Popular in Introduction to Animal Science
Popular in Animal Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makenna Osborne on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ADVS 1110 at Utah State University taught by Lyle McNeal in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Animal Science in Animal Science at Utah State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
ANIMAL FOOD PRODUCTS INDUSTRY Beef @ 59.4lbs. per capita Swine @ 49.9lbs. per capita Sheep @ .09lbs. per capita Veal @ 0.3lbs. per capita Goats Dairy @ 627lbs. per capita Poultry @ 102.5lbs. per capita (89lbs. chicken + 19lbs. turkey) Fish/Seafood @ 14.6lbs. per capita Very few nations in the world even come close to us in the per capita consumption of meat Australia/New Zealand/UK are behind us Our land is well suited for the production of animals Americans spend a small portion of income on food, 6.9 cents per dollar Critics say Americans are wasteful in feeding several pounds of feed to animals in return for a pound of meat “Grains fed to animals could be better used to feed people” - We recycle a LOT of byproducts - We are feeding animals products that humans don’t eat; animals don’t eat wheat we feed them roughage - Native rangelands you can’t grow crops on, but you can graze animals on it Producers argue that the land on which animals are grazed could be used for little else Almost half of the land in the US is unsuitable for raising crops Grains used for finishing (fattening) livestock are not considered suitable for human consumption Agricultural animals also make use of byproducts for feed which cannot be utilized for human consumption Meat is very dense in nutrients; a pound of meat may equal or surpass the nutritive content of the feed that produced it Meat is among the most nutritionally complete foods that we eat Conception consumption (foundation) Breeder Purebred Commercial Farm Herd/Flock Feeder Commercial feedlot Farm feeding (market for farm grown feeds) Commercial livestock aren’t registered In Wyoming the ewes were commercial, but the rams were purebred stock and registered Cattle/sheep go to feedlots when they aren’t heavy enough Farrow to finish pig operations; come out weaned and go straight to a feedlot - Lots of commercial operations sell to feedlots Some people farm feed, then sell the finished animal. Few commercial operations do this Commercial Feedlot - Private - Retailer Owned - Custom - Packer Owned - Feed Co. Owned Marketing - Direct processor - concentration or comingling - auction mkt/cooperative - terminal market Buyers always want at least a truckload basis, so you comingle/pool Terminal markets is where the train hauled your livestock and the auctioneer sold your livestock Often times the owner would ride in the caboose and watch the selling of the cattle, given a horse to ride and check on the pens Merchandising - byproducts (inedible) - packing plant/slaughterhouse - imports - central retailer’s warehouses - branch house “distributor” - fabricator or processor - other* food processors Retail - store - restaurant - export “Judas” goats would lead lambs to kill floors ________________________________________________________________________________ Factors Influencing Animal Productivity - breeding (genetics) - health (disease & parasites) (endo and external parasites) - nutrition (life cycle nutrition) - facilities and equipment - environment - the manager (herdsperson) *veterinarians need to know the importance of biosecurity Swine operations always have amazing biosecurity Quarantine any animals you brought home from an outside area for at least 30 days, OBSERVE You should always stay and watch animals when feeding; watch behavior, look for health issues
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