HIS102 Imperialism HIS 102
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Hodapp on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 102 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Holly Mann (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Imperialism: China and Japan Traditional China exported goods, literature and philosophy Qing Dynasty 16441912 Mandate of heaven Opium wars, Taiping Rebellion By 1900, European spheres of influence over china. Boxer rebellion 1900 John Hayes open door policy Sun YatSen and the Kuomintang (nationalist party> KMT) o Nationalism o Democracy (selfdetermination) o Socialism / Livelihood Imperial government falls 1911 Great Britain and France gain China’s southeast Asian colonies Traditional Japan: Feudalism (similar to Europe) 1543 Portuguese first European contact 1549 Jesuits arrive Tokugawa Shogunate 16001868 strong central government legal code, highway system, network of fortifications population increase US forces Japan out of isolation Meiji Restoration 1868 free market capitalism Zaibatsu Modern banking Compulsory education Diet (Parliament) Constitution Universal male suffrage Expansionism of landownership Modern military Universal conscription By 1900, Japan modernizes Not many natural resources due to geographical features Japanese Imperialism Ryukyu Islands 1874 (Okinawa) Sino Japanese war 189495 RussoJapanese war 19041905 o Trans Siberian Railroad o Treaty of Portsmouth Result sets off anticolonial movements in Africa US in Hawaii and Philippines US annexes Hawaii 1898 Spanish American war 1898 o US gets Philippians and Guam Filipino resistance Government reforms, economic dominance Critics of Imperialism: Joseph Conrad 1902 Heart of Darkness George Orwell and other writers Americans over guilt from Philippines Economic crisis o Vladimir Lenin 1916 writes imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism o John Hobson’s “under consumption theory”
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