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Ch. 11 Judaism

by: Jessica Crump

Ch. 11 Judaism REL 101

Jessica Crump
GPA 3.87

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About this Document

These are my lecture notes for week 8 (10/11 and 10/13). Recall that class was cancelled on 10/11, though. They cover parts 1 and 2 of Judaism.
Intro to Religion
Mary F Thurlkill
Class Notes
Religious Studies
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Mary F Thurlkill in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
Ch. 11 Judaism Pgs. 351-386 Review: Sikhism  Guru Nanak is the first guru who was influenced by Hinduism and Islam o Mukti – liberation from samsara and unity with god (from Hinduism), equality (rejection from Hinduism)  Guru Gobind Singh – the 10 guru o Initiated the Khalsa, and the 5 Ks (shorts, bracelet, sword, uncut hair, and a small comb)  Turban and head covering are also a sign of Sikhs that symbolizes cleanliness and beingthell-kept o Made the Adi granth the last guru (11 guru) = the Guru Granth  Adi Granth is the teacher  Naming and Amrit o The first letter on the left page is the first letter of the child’s name o Amrit ceremony - initiation into the Khalsa “Sikh baptism”  Guardwara – the place of the Adi Granth God in Sikhism  Nam simaran – nam = “divine name;” reciting god’s name over and over  Vahiguru or Waheguru – common name for God; also means “praise to the Guru” o Other names and ways of describing god:  Akal Purakh – “timeless, eternal being”  Nirankar – “without form”  Ik Onkar – “one god” o All of those themes are all in the Mul Mantra (pg. 224) which is really important in Sikhism as god is the focus Judaism  Monotheistic  Covenant – a contract with their God; they are the chosen people who get to have this contract with their god  Circumcision – a sign of the covenant for males  613 mitzvot – mitzvoth = commandments; o Orthodox Jews believe that one should uphold as many mitzvots as possible o Reform Jews have adapted the commandments to fit modern day practices  Synagogue and rabbi – Place of worship and their religious leader Jewish Texts  Tanakh – the Hebrew bible  Torah – first five books of the Hebrew Bible o Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy  Old testament in Christianity  Talmud – an additional set of writings that from oral practices and stories that were written down; “Oral Torah”  Genesis – first book of the Torah/Tanakh o God created heaven and earth in 6 days o 7 day is the Sabbath day (day of rest)  starts Friday night, ends Saturday night o 2 stories of human creation  both in Genesis but two separate stories of creation  a source of criticisms Ancient Religions  References to a few other religions were mentioned in the Hebrew Bible o Mesopotamian  Sumerian, Babylonian  Ziggurat = “tower of Babel;” – a temple built for a god or goddess for the Babylonian groups o Canaanite o Israelite o God’s covenant with Noah Patriarchs  Abraham – was asked to circumcise himself as a sacrifice to god o Circumcision o Sacrifice of Isaac – Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son and was willing so god had mercy and didn’t make him do it o Jacob (Abraham’s other son) and Tribes of Israel = Israelites  Moses – comes from the descendants of Abraham; the Israelites are enslaved but he escapes it because he is raised by Egyptians o God reveals to him that he is Israeli and sends plagues that convince the Egyptians to release the Israelites  Exodus from Egypt (parting of the red sea to allow the Israelites to be free) o Moses travels through the desert to Mt. Sinai and receives the 10 commandments  G-d – how Jews often write God because they believe they shouldn’t be so presumptuous to write or say God’s name o 40 years in wilderness, later conquer the Canaanites st 1 temple, Jerusalem  Ark of the Covenant – what the stone tablets of the 10 commandments was in that Moses lugged around for 40 years; physical sign of the divine so they built a temple for it to have a st common place to worship (the 1 temple)  God’s presence  Priestly ritual and animal sacrifice – specific to the temple, sacrifices no longer take place in Judaism Jewish History 1. Abraham 2. Moses 3. 1 temple – first place of god on earth 4. 1 temple destroyed by Babylonians nd 5. 2 ndtemple 6. 2 temple destroyed by Romans a. the western wall still stands today


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