Ch. 11 Judaism
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Mary F Thurlkill in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Ch. 11 Judaism Pgs. 351-386 Review: Sikhism Guru Nanak is the first guru who was influenced by Hinduism and Islam o Mukti – liberation from samsara and unity with god (from Hinduism), equality (rejection from Hinduism) Guru Gobind Singh – the 10 guru o Initiated the Khalsa, and the 5 Ks (shorts, bracelet, sword, uncut hair, and a small comb) Turban and head covering are also a sign of Sikhs that symbolizes cleanliness and beingthell-kept o Made the Adi granth the last guru (11 guru) = the Guru Granth Adi Granth is the teacher Naming and Amrit o The first letter on the left page is the first letter of the child’s name o Amrit ceremony - initiation into the Khalsa “Sikh baptism” Guardwara – the place of the Adi Granth God in Sikhism Nam simaran – nam = “divine name;” reciting god’s name over and over Vahiguru or Waheguru – common name for God; also means “praise to the Guru” o Other names and ways of describing god: Akal Purakh – “timeless, eternal being” Nirankar – “without form” Ik Onkar – “one god” o All of those themes are all in the Mul Mantra (pg. 224) which is really important in Sikhism as god is the focus Judaism Monotheistic Covenant – a contract with their God; they are the chosen people who get to have this contract with their god Circumcision – a sign of the covenant for males 613 mitzvot – mitzvoth = commandments; o Orthodox Jews believe that one should uphold as many mitzvots as possible o Reform Jews have adapted the commandments to fit modern day practices Synagogue and rabbi – Place of worship and their religious leader Jewish Texts Tanakh – the Hebrew bible Torah – first five books of the Hebrew Bible o Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Old testament in Christianity Talmud – an additional set of writings that from oral practices and stories that were written down; “Oral Torah” Genesis – first book of the Torah/Tanakh o God created heaven and earth in 6 days o 7 day is the Sabbath day (day of rest) starts Friday night, ends Saturday night o 2 stories of human creation both in Genesis but two separate stories of creation a source of criticisms Ancient Religions References to a few other religions were mentioned in the Hebrew Bible o Mesopotamian Sumerian, Babylonian Ziggurat = “tower of Babel;” – a temple built for a god or goddess for the Babylonian groups o Canaanite o Israelite o God’s covenant with Noah Patriarchs Abraham – was asked to circumcise himself as a sacrifice to god o Circumcision o Sacrifice of Isaac – Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son and was willing so god had mercy and didn’t make him do it o Jacob (Abraham’s other son) and Tribes of Israel = Israelites Moses – comes from the descendants of Abraham; the Israelites are enslaved but he escapes it because he is raised by Egyptians o God reveals to him that he is Israeli and sends plagues that convince the Egyptians to release the Israelites Exodus from Egypt (parting of the red sea to allow the Israelites to be free) o Moses travels through the desert to Mt. Sinai and receives the 10 commandments G-d – how Jews often write God because they believe they shouldn’t be so presumptuous to write or say God’s name o 40 years in wilderness, later conquer the Canaanites st 1 temple, Jerusalem Ark of the Covenant – what the stone tablets of the 10 commandments was in that Moses lugged around for 40 years; physical sign of the divine so they built a temple for it to have a st common place to worship (the 1 temple) God’s presence Priestly ritual and animal sacrifice – specific to the temple, sacrifices no longer take place in Judaism Jewish History 1. Abraham 2. Moses 3. 1 temple – first place of god on earth 4. 1 temple destroyed by Babylonians nd 5. 2 ndtemple 6. 2 temple destroyed by Romans a. the western wall still stands today
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