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Art 221 notes Week 6 Day 12

by: Cassidy_SWK2018

Art 221 notes Week 6 Day 12 Art 221

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Roman Early and High Empire
Honors Art History Survey I
Dr. Beth Mulvaney
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
Art 221 10-4-16 Rome: Early/High Empire 1. Augustus Primaporta, copy of bronze original, ca. 20 BCE a. Pacified Spain and Gaul (France) b. Brings 150 years of peace: Pax Augusta or Pax Romana c. Augustus wanted to rival Pericles d. Stud is disguised with cupid riding a dolphin, also a hint of divine lineage e. Breastplate has significant relief where a standard is being passed in reference to the Peace i. Historical event seen amidst cosmography f. Returned to idealization in face g. Three locks of hair that are specific to Augustus h. Distinctive ears i. Based on Doryphorus in relaxed contrapposto j. Hand is raised like he is addressing troops 2. Ara pacis augustae, Rome, 13-9 BCE a. Shows war booty obelisk b. In its original location, during fall equinox the sun pointed at the altar inside. Believed to mark the time of Augustus’s conception c. Dedicated on wife Livia’s birthday d. Meant as an altar of peace e. Response to the Parthenon f. Iconography i. Illusionistic reliefs framed by pilaster columns 1. Similar to II stile paintings g. Sides i. Vegetal design on lower register ii. Procession on top h. What’s roman about it i. 1 entrance ii. Stairs and on a platform iii. Augustus brought use of marble 3. “Tellus” relief, Ara pacis Augustae, Rome, 13-9 BCE a. Personification of land and sea at her feet b. Why it’s diff from Greek i. Plants and animals (Greeks focused on human form) ii. Babies iii. Concern for illusionism (plants further in depth) iv. Peaceful scene 4. Imperial Procession, Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome, 13-9 BCE a. Conscious imitation of Greek Panthonic procession b. Diff b/c i. Children ii. Augustus, Livia, children iii. Who’s who of roman society c. Historical specificity – always keep in mind when talking about roman art d. this is a real event with people who were really there 5. Maison Carée, Nîmes, France, ca. 1-10 CE a. Exporting culture to conquered areas b. Podium and axilial alignment c. Pseudo peripteral columns d. DISTINGUISHING FACTOR this uses Corinthian order capitals, Portunus used Ionic 6. Port du Guard, Nîmes, France 16 BCE a. No concrete, individual blocks cut b. Gravity holds it in place c. Importance of keystone d. 5% decline to gently deliver water into the city 7. Porta Maggiore, Rome, ca. 50 CE a. Gate to city, links the aqueduct b. Mini tablature and pediment i. Greeks would never do this 8. Portrait of Vespasian, ca. 75-79 CE a. Not royal or aristocratic b. Much older and not idealized c. Suggests republican practicality d. He wants to be seen as truthful and has to restore the office of emperor b/c he comes after crazy Nero 9. Colosseum, Rome, ca. 70-80 CE a. Done by Vespasian to regain people’s trust b. Takes land stolen by Nero and giving it back to the people c. Giving them entertainment d. Arches framed by columns to decorate i. 1 floor is form of Doric ii. 2 is ionic rd iii. 3 is Corinthian iv. Using them to articulate weight loads e. 12,000 Jewish slaves used in 24/7 shifts f. Vespasian conquered Jerusalem and sold the loot to finance the colosseum g. Real name is Flavian amphitheater h. Poles on top were used to give awning i. Barrel and vaults j. Seating by social order k. Basement had cages for animals and gladiators 10. Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE a. Functioned like a billboard for Titus 11. Spoils of Jerusalem, Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE a. Historical specificity (Menara) b. Replicating what you yourself are doing at that moment by placing them walking through the archway c. TYPICAL OF ROMAN i. Illusionistic architecture ii. Historical specificity 12. Triumph of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome after 81 CE a. Shirtless dude personifies Honor b. Female figure leading chariot is Valor c. First time historical figures mingle with the divine 13. Apotheosis of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE a. Taking him to the gods


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