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ART 221 Week 7 Day 13 Notes

by: Cassidy_SWK2018

ART 221 Week 7 Day 13 Notes Art 221

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High Empire
Honors Art History Survey I
Dr. Beth Mulvaney
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
ART 221 10-11-16 Coliseum used radiating and concentric barrel vaults 1. Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE a. Pass through going to forum b. Relief of spoils of Jerusalem i. Roman armies displayed what they had captured in the forum ii. TYPICAL of Roman empire, different layers of relief to look like they are turning into the archway c. Relief of Triumph of Titus i. After Titus had died and was deified ii. Winged figure of victory riding in chariot iii. Below, guy with the chest is Honor iv. Woman at front leading horses is Valor v. First time these personifications mix with a deified historical figures d. Vault of arch, square relief is Apotheosis of Titus i. Titus is in heaven, taking his place among the gods High Empire 1. Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum of Trajan, Rome, ded. 112 CE a. Assembly hall b. Early Christians adapted the basilica style for churches c. Ancestral busts lined interior courtyard d. Wrapped around are markets of Trajan 2. Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, ded. 112 CE a. Entry is on the long side b. Columns for support c. Semicircular “apse” on either side d. 385 ft. long not counting the apses e. 183 ft. wide 3. Apollodorus of Damascus, Markets of Trajan, Rome, ca. 100-112 CE a. Multiple levels with 150 stores to create more space b. Construction is a series of fenestrated groin vaults i. Fenestrated – has windows ii. Groin vaults – two barrel vaults at 90 degree angles c. Interior for storage, goods out in front d. Roman problem solving and advanced construction 4. Column of Trajan a. Shaft is 125 ft. b. Large podium or base where remains of Trajan and wife are buried c. Relief wound around shaft d. Relief, if unwound, is over 600 ft. long e. Shows two different assaults against Dacians (modern Romanians) f. Typical of Roman, the subject employs historical specificity g. 2500 figures displayed h. 150 separate episodes, often featuring Trajan i. Only allegorical figure is at the bottom representing the River Danube j. INTERSTING NOTE: doesn’t seem to mock or belittle the enemy, just seems to say that the Romans had better technology k. Low relief, different from Altar of Zeus at Pergamin i. Purpose is to increase visibility and legibility l. Surmounted by a nude figure of Trajan, but replaced in 16 century by Saint Peter (represents Christian Rome) 5. Portrait bust of Hadrian as general, ca. 130-138 CE a. Greek short bobbed hairstyle b. Considers himself amateur architect 6. Pantheon, Rome, 118-125 CE a. Collimated courtyard with freestanding arch in the center i. Axial approach, controlling where you enter b. Concrete c. Lower walls are thick to support the dome i. Gradually thin as you go up to remove weight d. Altered recipe of concrete to make it lighter i. Used lighter stones in mix e. Oculus at top of dome f. Pantheon is a temple to all gods g. Recessed copper vaults in dome had bronze roses in middle to reflect light 7. Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli, ca. 125-128 CE a. The romans inherit ideas from Greek architecture but they don’t always follow the rules b. Canopus (canal) and Serapeum (“pumpkin” dome) c. Around the edges of the Canopus are Greek Corinthian columns, BUT it alternates the lentil and arcuated lentil (Greeks would have flipped) 8. Al-Khazneh (treasury), Petra, Jordan, 2 century CE a. Carved out of living rock b. Functioned as a tomb c. Used Greek architecture in an un-Greek way d. Columns aren’t evenly spaced e. Tholos inserted into broken pediment on second level 9. Bronze Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175 CE a. All over empire as a propaganda b. Christians preserved it b/c they thought it was the first Christian emperor, Constantine c. Effortless control of horse (he’s on bareback) d. Emperor is really large 10. Sarcophagus with myth of Orestes, from Rome ca. 140-150 CE a. Popular subject for sarcophagi b. Greek works were freestanding and decorated on all four sides c. This one is only on 3 sides d. People liked to see themselves as gods and goddesses e. Orestes is avenging his father’s death f. Still have the influence of Greek idealized figures


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