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POLI 150 Week 8 Notes: 10/13/16

by: Hadley Ashford

POLI 150 Week 8 Notes: 10/13/16 POLI 150

Hadley Ashford
GPA 3.776

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About this Document

These notes cover humanitarian interventions, peacekeeping, and the Rwandan genocide
Thomas Oatley
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 150 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Thomas Oatley in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/228873/poli-150-university-of-north-carolina-chapel-hill in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
POLI 150 Week 8 Notes: 10/13/16 - Peacekeeping and peace enforcement: o Send international personnel to encourage and maintain peace/security o Peace enforcement: active efforts to end conflict  Containment and termination o Peacekeeping: some level of peace and personnel prevents recurring conflict  Happens once ceasefire is in place - UN peacekeepers: o Especially necessary during Cold War to ensure that small conflict didn’t cause terrible nuclear response o Meant to be impartial force to encourage peace o Bangladesh contributes most- majority come from developing countries  Safer than regular military troops  Paid well - Peacekeeping: o Solve commitment problems  Monitor compliance o Solve information problems  Even if can’t prevent defection, can increase information availability  Peacekeepers can give impartial information about who defected and why, who is at fault o Post-conflict transition: help ex-combatants get back into society, train local police forces to deal with new problems o UN Security Council authorizes peacekeeping missions  But individual members tates responsible for organizing personnel and executing mission  Regional organizations can also be authorized by UN to help country after conflict o Peacekeeping not really necessary when there is one clear winner o Peacekeeping necessary with respect to high flows of refugees  Convince them to resettle in their home countries  Help them transition back into society- find them jobs, housing, etc. o Usually effective once created/deployed with sufficient resources  Not one of the UN mandates that people want to get rid of o Currently 16 peacekeeping missions deployed o P5 don’t contribute a lot to peacekeeping missions  Provide most resources/money for the missions o Missions made up of military personnel from UN member countries and various other UN organizations depending on situation o Generally increases duration of peace after conflict o Decreases violence against civilians by government and rebels o Traditional peacekeeping: creates UN buffer zones between government and rebel forces  Just try to make sure conflict doesn’t get bigger o Multidimensional peacekeeping: current mission of peacekeeping  Election monitoring  Public health  Rebuilding infrastructure - Rwandan genocide example video: o Actors: Hutus, Tutsis, Rwandan government, Clinton administration, UN Security Council o Hutus wanted to kill Tutsis- ethnic cleansing o Peacekeepers didn’t stop violence against Tutsis  Told UN about conditions in Rwanda o UN met to discuss future policy in Rwanda  Rwandan representative in UN represented Hutu killers  UN decided to remove troops from Rwanda o Didn’t call Hutu actions “genocide” because required actions for genocide cases not in many members’ interests o UN Security council finally agreed to deploy troops to Rwanda  Didn’t specify timetable, so many people believe it was just a sham  UN waited a long time to actually deploy troops o Clinton administration pretended to be concerned, but refused to use the word “genocide” to escape necessary action o After conflict, Clinton apologized, but wasn’t helpful  Easy to apologize after inaction  Didn’t fix any of the bad things that happened - Genocide: systematic killing of a specific ethnic group or any specific group of people o Motivation of getting rid of an entire population o Highly politicized: different political views create different definitions  Specific groups may or may not classify conflict as genocide because of political views


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