ANTH-2010-001 ANTH 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mish Mungai on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2010 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Pace, R in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in Biocultural Anthropology at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
MARRIAGE KINSHIP Marriage; guidelines for sex Child care responsibility Regulates division of labor Establishes alliances Monogamy (serial): one mate at a time; 20% preferred Polygamy: Polygyny; 1 male multiple females; 75% preferred; sexual freedoms for women; higher economic value for women. Polyandry: 1 female multiple males; 1% preferred; female infanticide; low economic status for women. Mate selection: group interest; family decides; usually for an alliance Incest taboo: sex/reproduction with relatives; varies Parent/child Siblings Cousins Distant cousins Reasons; genetic defects? Sibling avoidance Family disruption Marry our or die out/ alliance Exogamy; marry outside Endogamy; marry inside Cross cousin marriage; mother’s brother’s children or father’s sister’s children surrogate; replaces wife Levirate; replaces husband Post marital residency rules; Patrilocal; husband’s family Matrilocal; wife’s family Ambilocal; either Neolocal; independent Avunculocal; husband’s mother’s brother Marriage exchanges; bride wealth/ bride service Dowry Family; residential kin group composed of a woman, her dependent children, and at least one adult male joined through marriage or blood relationship Types of family; nuclear Extended Consanguineal family; blood ties Polygamous family; plural marriages Advantages of extended family; pool labor and resources Socioemotional gratification Nuclear family advantages; mobility Privacy Accumulation of wealth Kingship; way of defining and organizing relatives Blood ties Marriage Descent Fiction Descent; through one line or both Unilineal descent; one line, female or male Patrilineal; male only Matrilineal; female only Form lineage; patrilineal and matrilineal Clan; descended from historical or mythical ancestor Bilateral descent; both male and female; forms kindred
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