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Week 10 Herbs

by: Bailey Dickinson

Week 10 Herbs HORT 3440

Bailey Dickinson
GPA 3.87

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Week 10 Herbs
Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants
James Affecter
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Dickinson on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 3440 at University of Georgia taught by James Affecter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 10/14/16
Week 10 Notes for HORT 3440 CRN10344 Monday: Maisie Loo: Master gardener; UGArden Herbalist Noelle Fuller: Masters Student; Herbalist In the spring, they sow a lot of the plants from seed Planting out in the spring- a lot of their plants are perennials (come back every year) Cleaning- very important Spring harvest Chamomile (matricaria recutita) have to harvest by hand Stinging nettle- stings you but it very nutritious Plaintain (Plantago lanceolata)- leaves used to calm inflammation- common weed Lavender- time consuming- harvest when buds are blooming and then hand-pick (they also make olive oil) Calendula- herb in their skin soothing salve- stimulates skin cell rejuvenation and is antimicrobial Rose- as long as it’s fragrant and organic, it can be used in teas, good for your heart Lemon balm Holy Basil Maintaining the beds: Weeding, mulching, deadheading, pruning, watering, fertilizing Fall harvest: Hibiscus Dry room: Dark, climate and moisture controlled, clean Processing: stripping leaves off of stem, breaking up hard plant parts, try to keep it as whole as possible Holy Basil/Tulsi From India Used in India’s healing tradition: Ayurvedic Considered India’s most powerful healing herb Modern Uses: adaptogen (reduce stress), anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Regulate blood sugar, modulate immune system Research objective: to characterize yield, and the content and composition of essential oil 5 varieties from strictly medicinal seed company and 9 varieties from the USDA Wednesday: Tonics and Adaptogens o Tonic: a substance with a nourishing or restorative effect on the body, a “revitalizer” o People value tonics for their ability to promote longevity, convalescence, and a general sense of well being o Adaptogen: helps the body respond to physical and emotional stress, a performance enhancer Ginseng, Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolius, Ginseng family (Asian ginseng is faster; American ginseng has a colder quality) o Herbaceous perennials o Native to east Asia and eastern North America o Part used: root o Fatigue, tonic, athletic performance o Cautions: high blood pressure, heart palpitations o “Panax” is derived from the Greek word for panacea o Asian ginsend (hot) is more stimulating physiologically than American (cold) o Wild collected roots are commonly a much higher price than commercially grown Siberian Ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Ginseng family o Shrub to 2 meters (woodier) o Native to Eastern Asia o Part used: root o Fatigue, stress, increasing stamina, tonic, memory o Cautions: high blood pressure Ashwagangha, Withania somnifera, Potato family o Shrub, native to India and Mediterranean region o Part used: leaves, roots, berries o Important in Ayurvedic (Indian) traditional medicine o Adaptogen, used to counter the effects of long-term stress (indian ginseng) o Missed bullet point Schisandra, Schisandra chinensis, Schisandra family o Woody vine, native to China, Japan, and Korea o Part used: berries and leaves o Important herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine o Adaptogen, used to fight stress and as an overall tonic to enhance physical and mental performance Treat Urinary problems: Bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Blueberry family o Evergreen shrub o Cool temperature regions in Northern Hemisphere o Part used: leaf o Used to treat mild urinary tract infections (from e coli) o Antiseptic (destroys or inhibits microorganisms that cause infections) and astringent (tightens mucous membranes and skin, reducing secretions and bleeding from abrasions) o Primary active compound is arbutin, broken down in GI tract to hydroquinone, a substance with proven bactericidal and astringent properties o Cautions: don’t take for more than 7-10 days at a time and avoid during pregnancy Cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Blueberry family o Trailing evergreen shrub o Cool temperature bogs in Eastern North America o Part used: fruit o Prevention and treatment of UTI (works best as preventative) o Thought to inhibit microorganisms from adhering to walls of urinary tract o Cant use cranberry and bearberry at the same time because bearberry requires basic environment and cranberry is acidic o Most cranberry juice cocktail products are only 30% juice (water, sugar) o Juice high in Vitamin C, fights dental plaque, may deodorize urine o Caution: too much can cause diarrhea o Grow in bogs and sandy soils o New Jersey pine barrens Health benefits? Anti-inflammatory/antioxidant/astringents 5% of the harvest is sold as fresh fruits They prefer sandy soil They’re harvested in October Saw Palmetto, Serenoa repens, Palm family o Shrubby palm o Native to southeast USA coastal plain o Part used: fruit o Extract treats benign enlargement of the prostate gland (BPH) o Blocks production of dyhydrotestosterone o The “plant catheter” o Center of production is in Ocala, Fl (harvest- they collect- don’t grow) o Fruits are wild-harvested o Fruit production varies greatly from year to year- so does the price of fruits o Research is underway to determine what factors control fruit production o Important food and cover plant for Florida Black bear and panther Hops, Humulus lupulus, Hemp family o Perennial vine o Native to Europe and Asia o Part used: bracts of female flowers o Sedative and sleep-aid o Concentration of volatile oils increases with drying o Cautions: avoid during pregnancy o Diecious in same family as pot o Make a hop-pillow or drink as tea for insomnia Skullcap, Scutellaria lateriflora, Mint family o Perennial herb o Native to North America o Part used: dried aerial parts o Sedative and tranquilizer, “nerve tonic” o Relieves irritability from PMS and cramping from menstrual cramps (antispasmodic) o Missed 2 bullet points Hawthorn, Crategus spp, Rose family o Shrub or small tree (many hybrids in nature, species are hard to identify) o North temperate regions o Part used: fruit, leaf, flower o Targeted therapies include angine, high blood pressure, improving heart function o Frequently prescribed heart remedy in Europe o Take with medical supervision only o Opens up blood vessels that feed the heart, increasing the heart muscle’s energy supply and pumping power o Reinforces normal heart rhythm o Antioxidant activity o Ornamental attributes (1 inch long thorns too)


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