History Notes 10.12.16
History Notes 10.12.16 1311-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
George Washington’s inauguration Politics in an age of passion Hamilton´s program As secretary of the treasury Alexander Hamilton´s goal was to make the U.S. a major commercial and military power. His program had 5 parts. Create creditworthiness by assuming state debts. Create a new national debt. Create a bank of the U.S. modeled The emergence of opposition. Opposition to Hamilton´s plan was voiced by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. Hamilton´s plan depended on a close relationship with Britain. Opponents believed the U.S. future lay westward not with Britain. Opponents feared threats to freedom and corruption. The Jefferson-Hamilton Bargain At first, opposition to Hamilton´s program arose almost entirely from the South. Hamilton´s argued the general welfare clause of the constitution justified his program. Jefferson insisted on strict construction of the constitution. Jefferson agreed southerners would accept Hamilton´s plan in exchange for placing the national capital on the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia. The impact of the French Revolution. The French Revolution became very radical by 1793, and France went to war with Britain. Despite its radicalism, Jefferson and his followers wanted to support France´s attempt at self-government. Washington, Hamilton, and their followers feared anarchy and gravitated toward England. George Washington declared America neutrality. Jay´s Treaty did not address the issues with Britain on the high seas, but positioned the United States closer to Britain and abandoned the American alience with France. Political parties The Federalist Party supported Washington´s and Hamilton´s economic plan and close tied with Britain. The Whiskey Rebellion. Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 proved to Federalists that democracy in the hands of ordinary citizens was dangerous. Washington dispatched 13000 troops to western Pennsylvania to put down the rebellion. He accomplished them part of the way. The Adams Presidency The Election of 1796 Adams won with seventy one electoral votes, and Jefferson with 68 electoral votes, became vice president. His presidency beset by crises XYZ affair Quasi war with France ended with peace treaty in 1800 Confrontation in the seas Enlarging the army. The Reign of Witches The alien and Sedition Acts limited civil liberties. The main target was the republican press. Ten convict including Congressmen and several newspaper editors. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. The sedition Act thrust freedom of expression to the center of discussions of American liberty. Virginia and Kentucky resolutions written by Madison and Jefferson Focused on federal government, not the states.