History Notes 10.14.16
History Notes 10.14.16 1311-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
The Revolution of 1800 Jefferson defeated Adams in the 1800 presidential campaign. A constitutional crisis emerged with the election. Jefferson and Burr finished tied with seventy-three electoral votes. House decided election with Hamilton swinging votes to Jefferson. th 20 Amendment Hamilton-Burr duel. Adams´s acceptance of defeat established the vital present of peace. Slavery and Politics Jefferson’s election as president was aided by 3/5 clause, which gave disproportionate numbers of electoral votes to southern states. The first Congress received petitions calling for emancipation, which set off a long sectional debate in that body. In 1793, Congress adopted a law to enforce the Constitution´s fugitive slave clause. The Haitian Revolution. Events during 1790s underscored how powerfully slavery defined and distorted American freedom. Gabriel’s Rebellion A slave rebellion was attempted in Virginia in 1800. Gabriel spoke the language of liberty forged in the American Revolution and reinvigorated during the 1790s. Gabriel and 25 others executed before the rebellion started. Jefferson in power. Jefferson´s inaugural address was conciliatory toward his opponents. However he hoped to dismantle as much of the federalist system as possible. Judicial Review. John Marshall was a strong believer in national supremacy, was Chief Justice of Supreme Court. Marbury Madison 1803 presidential court of judicial review in relative to federal laws. Fletcher v. Peck 1810 extended judicial review to state laws. The Louisiana Purchase To purchase Louisiana Jefferson had to abandon his conviction that the federal government was limited to powers specifically mentioned in the constitution. Jefferson’s concern with the territory was over trade through New Orleans. Jefferson asserted that additional territory would allow the republic to remain agrarian and therefore Virtues; he believed that justified his abandonment of strict construction principles. Lewis and Clark Lewis and Clark´s objective was both scientific and commercial. The journey from 1804 to 1806 brought invaluable info and paved the way for transcontinental country. Incorporating Louisiana In 1803, New Orleans was the only part of Louisiana Purchase territory with a significant non-Indian population. Louisiana’s slaves had enjoyed more freedom under the rule of Spain than they would has part of the U.S. The Barbary Wars European wars directly influenced the live hood of American farmers, merchants, and artisans. Jefferson hoped to avoid foreign entanglements. Barbary pirates from North Africa demanded bribes from American ships. Because Jefferson refused to increase payments, he declared war, and led to Victory. The Embargo War between France and Great Britain hurt American trade. Britain resumed impressment. Embargo Act resulted in a crippled U.S. economy. Replaced with Non intercourse Act. Madison and pressure for war. Macon´s Bill no. 2 allowed trade to resume. War Hawks called for war against Britain. Wished to annex Canada and some southern War Hawks wanted Florida.