Psychology Week 8 cont
Psychology Week 8 cont PSY 1012-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennica Prophete on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1012-002 at Florida Atlantic University taught by James J. Jakubow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
States of consciousness (cont.) Key: Questions asked during lecture Answers to questions Important names Important concepts Lucid dreaming ● Lucid dreams are defined by your awareness that you are dreaming ● The awareness correlates with one’s ability to manipulate the dream ○ Flying is common in lucid dreams and REM sleep is similar to Stage 1 sleep which entails feelings of weightlessness ● How to have lucid dreams ○ Wake up slowly under a dim light ○ Motivated yourself to have a lucid dream ■ Expectation effect ○ Keep a dream journal Why can you wake from a dream and talk about it but not remember what you did while sleepwalking hours ago A. Because it was different a sleep stage B. The time between the event and waking C. Learning does not occur during stage 4 D. REM allows more memory E. None of the above Hypnosis ● Developed in 1843 by Scottish physici ames Braid ● Hypnosis was beloved to be the result of focused concentration ● People exhibit a wide range of sensitivity to being hypnotized ● Hypnosis is currently viewed as a social phenomenon and not an uncontrollable biological function ○ There is no process in which you can actually take control of someone's thought It is possible to take control of someone's thoughts using hypnosis A. True B. False ● What will the hypnotized do? ○ People cannot be hypnotized against their will ○ People cannot be made to act outside their normal wants/needs to be hypnotized ● Posthypnotic suggestions ○ These are suggestions given to the hypnotized subject who will act upon them after the hypnosis session is over ■ Cluck like a chicken when the doorbell rings ■ You will have no craving for cigarettes ■ You will not get frustrated or angry ● Are hypnotized subjects pretending? ○ The behavior of hypnotized subjects and subjects pretending to be hypnotized are similar ■ Neither group will commit violent acts ○ Researchers have learned that there is an assumption of safety during hypnosis ■ This helped develop the concept of subject expectations in social psychology experiments during the 1960s In which of the following conditions will hypnosis be of no use? A. Anger management B. Meditation C. Decreased anxiety D. Going to the dentist E. Open heart surgery ● So what can hypnosis do ○ Posthypnotic suggestions are temporary ■ Smoke cessation ■ Reductions in social anxiety ■ Anger management ○ Hypnosis will not uncover lost memories or past lives ○ Hypnosis cannot be used as a replacement for anesthetic except when the injuries are minor ● “Having failed to find reliable markers of trance after 50 years of careful research, most researchers have concluded that this hypothesis [that hypnosis is a unique state of consciousness] has outlived its usefulness.” (Kirsch, 1995) ● scientificamerican.com ● There are numerous forms of altered consciousness ○ Daydreams ○ Meditation ○ Déjà by ○ Out of body experiences ○ Near death experiences