Human Development 265, Week 6 Notes
Human Development 265, Week 6 Notes HD 265
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika De Leygraaf on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HD 265 at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point taught by Cuiting Li in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: A LIFE-SPAN APPROACH in Human Development at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
10/11/16 What We Discussed: Chapter 5&6 - Public Health Measures - Immunizations → more good than bad - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - Nutrition → breast is best - Brain Development - Structures - Neurons = brain/nerve cells - Axon, dendrite, synapses grow - Cortex - Transient Exurberance = most increase in dendrites, first 2 years - Pruning = unused dendrites die - Experience-Expectant = universal experiences, like food and affection - Experience-Dependent = not universal experiences, only have certain ones in certain areas of the world, like language - Stress hormones kill brain cells Cognitive Development: The First Two Years - Piaget’s Theory - Sensorimotor Intelligence Stages - Reflexes - First acquired adaptations - Awareness of things - New adaptation and anticipation, object permanence - New means through active experimentation - New means through mental combinations, deferred imitation - Information Processing Theory - Affordance - Sudden drops - Movement and people preference - Memory → implicit, explicit, reminder session - Language Development Age: Communication: newborn Cry, movement, reflexive facial expressions 2 months Meaningful noises: cooing and fussing 3-6 months Sauels, growls, and vowles 6-10 months babbling 10-12 months Simple words 12 months First recognizable words 13-18 months Up to 50 words - holophrase 18 months Naming explosion, mostly nouns 21 months First two-word sentences 24 months Multiple word sentences - Theories - Behaviorism → language is taught, needs responsive mom and reinforcers - Epigenetic → infants teach themselves - Social-Pragmatic → part of being human, infants want to interact - Hybrid → everything Assignments: - Test 10/13/16 What We Discussed: Chapter 7 - Emotion = affective state, reaction and behavior, regulation develops with age - Self-Awareness → develops in stages - “Hatches” at 5 months - Self recognition at 18 months - Self is solid at 15-24 months - Gender → infant can identify at 2-3 years - Emotional Development → brain matures - Social impulses and emotional arousal, strength of reaction - Stress and brain damage - Synthesia = differentiate emotions - Temperament = goodness of fit - 40% easy - 10% difficult - 15% slow to warm up - 35% hard to classify - Theories of Psychosocial Development - Psychoanalytic - Freud → oral and anal stage - Erikson → trust and autonomy - Behaviorism - Social learning - Cognitive - Working model - Sociocultural - Ethnotheory - Proximal and distal parenting - Social Bonds - Synchrony = coordinated interactions between caregiver and infant - Helps infants: read emotions, develop interaction basics, express own emotions - Attachment = lasting emotional bond - Proximity-seeking and contact-maintaining behaviors - Social Referencing Age Stage of Attachment Newborn Preattachment 6 weeks Attachment in the making 8 months Classic secure attachment 2 years Attachment as launching pad 6 years Mutual attachment 12 years New attachment figures 18+ years Attachment revisited