New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Eng105LEC-S3 Reading Notes

by: Ashley Naranjo

Eng105LEC-S3 Reading Notes ENG105LEC-S3

Marketplace > University at Buffalo > ENGLISH (ENG) > ENG105LEC-S3 > Eng105LEC S3 Reading Notes
Ashley Naranjo
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These are mostly reading notes and focus on class discussion.
Declan Gould
Class Notes




Popular in

Popular in ENGLISH (ENG)

This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Naranjo on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG105LEC-S3 at University at Buffalo taught by Declan Gould in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see in ENGLISH (ENG) at University at Buffalo.

Similar to ENG105LEC-S3 at UB


Reviews for Eng105LEC-S3 Reading Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/14/16
Tues, Sept 6 th “The House We Live In” Claudia Rankine “You and your partner … yes, of course.” – Neighbor reacting unreasonably -Switching of perspective (very quickly: you and he) -Not a situation that happens to a lot of people so by using ‘you’ she puts reader into the perspective - Adds emotion because she’s putting you in the situation: putting yourself in the narrators shoes but everyone would get different ideas out of it because we all come from different backgrounds. - Allows reader to be a collaborator. (Ethical appeal) ‘Yes, of course, you say. Yes, of course.” - Dismissing irritation: annoyance - Pity: loss for words - Repetition implies that there’s a deeper meaning: reflective - Wants situation to be over - *An apology because the “you” is realizing that they shouldn’t have told the friend to speak on the phone in the back yard. “Menacing black guy casing both of you homes” - Shouldn’t have come out as racism: Micro aggression - If there was something suspicious outside your home anyone would be scared “Citizen” “…. No need to get all KKK on them, you say”- racism Second person “you” - Gets your attention, creates a bridge of closeness - Surprising, makes it stand out - Could also create separation between reader and narrator - Paints a better picture than just using I - Could be for the narrator to remove herself/ separate herself from the story Rankine uses the word “black” in “The House We Live In” and ‘Citizen” THWLI- “When you arrive and announce yourself…. I didn’t know you were black” – narrator isn’t using this term its always the person who the narrator is talking to. -The people who the narrator is talking to seem to be white. Not once do we see it come out of the narrator. “… I didn’t know you were black.!”- We know the narrator is a black person and to someone who can’t identify as this we have to figure out who’s who. - Doesn’t mention the identities of the people in these scenarios - “You” adds uncertainty -Could be easy to tell by the wording the people are using “menacing black person” - “You” adds our attention of identifying people because she doesn’t use male or female either - Maybe she’s questioning the line between identities- maybe she wants the reader to judge/ create a stereotype when it’s not really there th ‘Citizen” 5 paragraph - Questioning the whole race issue, worried about future, she. - Trying to inform us about John Henryism (how A.A overwork themselves to do better and they stress themselves) Narrator is trying to not fall into that. - Seen more like an analogy (John Henryism) Brings larger history into the convo. - Shows us what happened behind closed doors in racism. Things we don’t see or even think of- “Sitting there staring at the closed garage…” - Her stories are different peoples experiences but we cant really see that through the “you” Personal Narrative - Use a particular example or event to illustrate main point - Use supporting details - Create an overall impression - Make a main point Rankine has all the criteria that it is a personal narrative but it wasn’t just one person’s idea. She can’t tell her story without telling the stories of others Kelley and Rankine -Kelley takes more of a firm stand on the side he’s on but Rankine gives all these stories and wants you to decide, its up for interpretation. - Rankine’s argument is trying to draw our attention to the smaller moment and that’s what Kelley did except he led it to a big moment of Emmett Till What is “the body”? What is “embodiment?” How would Kelley answer: What is race? -History/ changes over time based on our cultures past - Societies stereotypes and limitations - Culture ex: music, food, dancing - An identity you can grow into or claim: “ the murder of light skin Emmett Till made me feel like a real Negro” Rankine: - Class is important in race - Both authors suggest that the body is seen differently through our cultures and is important. - Changes over time - Socially Constructed V. Natural - Instead of it being purely about biology its social and cultural, changes over time. - Passing: “On the phone they thought I was frank Sinatra” -(Claiming) identity: Kelley talks about how his grandmother who was light skinned claimed her darker skinned grandson as her own. - Idea of coming out Thursday, September 8, 2016 Disability and the theory Of Complex Embodiment -How modern culture portrays the body regarding technology and the future. -Idea of human fragility/mortality being something that history has proved yet we do no want to believe it -Why bring up Linda Martin Alcoff? (281) -“Better to be dead than disabled”: why choose this stereotype to focus on? -What research backs up the bullet points? Key terms: Ideology: a guiding belief Epistemology: the study of knowledge Ontology: the study of existence Identity Politics: Political or social movements based on a group’s ethnic, racial, disability or gender roles. Pg. 278-79 Presents 2 contradictions in our culture: -The belief that bodies both do & don’t matter -The belief that human life is fragile (we acknowledge that we all die) and that we can “triumph over death” (prolong human life) Responds to these contradictions ‘ -They are the results of the “ideology of ability” 280-81 Defines the “ideology of ability” -The preference of able-bodiedness Sums up why others have rejected the theory of identity politics -Identity is “seen as a crutch” (see it as something that these groups are holding on to and it holds them back) 282-83 Supports and defending identity politics -“Identity id though defective only in the case of, minority” -Rejections of identity politics come “from false ideas of disability” Begins to define “identity” -The “structure” by which people become “identified with a set of social narratives, ideas, myths, values and types of knowledge” (complex and a process) Kelley would agree 284-286 Presents Dworkin and Dworkins 4 qualities that make a minority group -Identifiablility -Differential power -Differential & pejorative treatment (-Group awareness) 281-idea of claiming identity Intersectionality: Idea that we always have to talk about the body not being defined by one identity but by multiple identities (Kelley talks about catcalling as giving someone a compliment) EAA; Rhetoric: art of persuasion -Analyzing an argument Logos (logic behind an argument) -Evidence, research, quotes, stats, facts Pathos (ethics that the author demonstrates: morals) -How the reading makes the audience feel, not what the author is feeling Ethos (the emotions that the writing evokes in the audience) -You lose credibility if you use language that is problematic/ offends readers Tuesday September 13 th Pg. 286-88 TH -Explains the 4 quality of minority identity – group awareness (286) -Proposes a 5 quality that he wants to add: need to meet an ethical test (287) -Summarizes “minority identity”: “politicized identity possessing the ability to offer social critiques” rather than “statistical, fixed in time, or exclusively biological” (288) Pg.288-90 3 feminist philosophies 1. “ Knowledge is situated” 288 2. Based on perspective 3. Social location are one and the same 289 Opposing model of disability 1. Medical model: individual needs to be cures 2. Social model: society needs to be cured Argues that both are too simple, need a new theory: Complex embodiment Pg. 290-91 -Complex Embodiment: With the medical model there’s a focus on how we need to change the individual body but with the social there’s a change in environment but he believes there’s a way where they both influence each other. -Anticipates that our cultural distrust of embodied knowledge will cause resistance to his theory. -Illustrates his theory with the “young solider who loses his arm” example (291) Advantages: 1. Sees disability as a “positive identity” 2. Gives disabled people “greater knowledge of and control over their bodies” Theory sheds light on 2 major theories: 1. Intersectionality: we should “take account of overlapping identities based on race, gender, sexuality, class & disability” (291) 2. Identities “construct one another reciprocally” (292) 3. Identities are complex embodiments 4. Ideology can be applied to others Pg. 293-295 Social construction: rather than biological/ natural, ideates are cultural, historical and change over time. - Culture and the physical world both effect constructions of disability, race, and gender Ethos: Content specific ; looking at appeal towards a specific audience September 20 th 2016 Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History ­ Douglas C. Baynton    Abolitionist: someone who works against slavery   Suffragist: Someone who fights for women’s rights   Natural V Monstrous: The idea that the people that don’t fit into the ideal are seen as monstrous  due to religion.. (35) “Natural conceived as the good..”  Thesi :  Disabili  has functioned historically to justify inequality for disabled people  themselves, but it has also done so for women and minority groups. ” (33) Examples:  John Van Evrie – Doctor and Anti­abolitionist (37) John C. Calhoun: Freed slaves are more mentally ill than the actual slaves  Samuel Cartwright: If the slave were to run away they were mentally ill Ad for Dreydoppel’s Soap: The skin color for African Americans is a defect and it can be washed away with this brand of soap (1890s) Edward H. Clarke: (1870s) (42) If women were educated too much it would cause  physical illness so they shouldn’t be allowed to vote  Almroth Wright: Suffragist movement was a mental disorder In order to understand how discrimination works, we have to look at these anti­ suffrage anti­abolitionist ideas. African Americans Anti­abolitionist;  Tried to disprove the Anti­Abolitionists ideas due to their “facts being wrong”  Women: Baynton talks about equal treatment being based on equal capacity.   Lack use of real facts and appeal to the audience  (43) “On the one hand, this was ofcourse an unfounded stereotype deserving of  ridicule, as Kraditor’s ironictone suggests. On the other hand, just as it was left  unchallenged at the time, historians today leave unchallenged the notion that  weakness, nervousness, or proneness to fainting might legitimately disqualify one  for suffrage”       ­ Implicitly saying that its okay to deny them freedom, the right to vote etc.  (36) “The conceptof disability, intertwined with the concept of race, was also  caught up inideas of evolutionary progress.”    We miss out the opportunity to resist discrimination when we actually get the  chance to.  Summary:  Overall Baynton gives the idea that both women and African Americans were  being seen as “disabled” as an excuse for discrimination. They were denied basic rights  like being denied an education and even the right to vote. The excuses were that since  they were categorized as disabled and were seen as abnormal.  September 27, 2016 Main ideas: There’s a certain picture of what perfection really is and individuals with disabilities are being seen differently and many have taken advantage of that difference. - The body - Judgment - Difference - Disability –fixed or embraced - Self/misperceptions v. society - Acceptance - Queer - Wrong - “Normal” - Accommodation - Discrimination The audience that Clare is writing for is not for the people with disabilities but for those who see a disability as something abnormal or try to make it seem like a bad thing/take advantage of it. For example, Clare uses the definition of the different types of disabilities and uses the example of Jerry Lewis (360) who takes advantage of the emotion appeal of people towards disabilities and collects money, which is supposed to be to help fund wheelchairs etc. This gives readers the idea that something has to be done to stop this injustice of people using others disabilities and weaknesses for their personal advantage and there has to be a new way to treat the disabled rather than just decimating them and treating them unjustly because they don’t fit into societies idea of perfection and the ideal body. 360: “Leave our bodies alone.” “The work of refiguring the world is often framed as the work of changing the  material, external conditions of our oppression. But just as certainly, our bodies—  or, more accurately, what we believe about our bodies—need to change so that  they don’t become storage sites, traps, for the very oppression we want to  eradicate.” 363 - There’s a tendency to internalize these ideas of inferiority  September 29 th Claire focuses on Individuals while Siebers focuses on academic theory. “This common strategy for attaining equal rights…”(51) -While I agree with people that want to fight for inequality but he’s saying that we need to change going about the way we seek those rights and stop the assumption that disability reinforces the idea of inequality. Responding to people who have said that black feminists need to educate white feminists. It’s just an excuse of avoiding the problem. (113) In the masters tools will never rebuild the masters house, Audrey Lorde argues that feminists must learn how to take our differences and make them strengths” (110) The significance of social constructs LORDE 112 “Those of us who stand outside..” - Talks about how the category of black women has been constructed less than a white women’s. - This idea is hieratical based on who has the power etc. The body’s role in identity (how the body (everyday experience and our physical, biological characteristics) interact with how we are perceived by others and ourselves - Different identities result in different experiences - 112 “if white American feminists…” shows we need to look at both physical body and oppression that comes with it.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.