Week 7 Notes POSC 103
Week 7 Notes POSC 103 POSC 103
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 103 at Towson University taught by Joseph Rudolph in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Towson University.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Tuesday 10.11.16 Institutional Arrangements and Parties Institutional Variables State Laws Residency requirements for registration Putting candidates on ballots When early voting will begin Single Member District System President, mayor, governor, House representative, Senate representative = elections where only one person wins the position Proportional representation system: seats in legislation based on popular vote. Favors the stronger party (occurs in Germany, etc.) Primary System Created so the people elect candidates and lessen the influence of the parties Created assuming that Americans would vote in large numbers (not 1/6 voters) and that the candidates would be voted for because of political experience o Most candidates are less experienced because a person in high office has to leave their position in order to campaign. o Governors who become president have little to no experience in foreign policy Electoral College There is no way to ensure that an elector votes for who they have been selected to vote for. (Super Man, Mickey Mouse, etc. have been voted for in the past) Majority of votes = 270/538 o If no majority, the House will vote and the winner will most likely be from whichever party dominates the House Gives more influence to small states because it is based on representation, not population o MD = 10 votes, Alaska = 3 votes. (If it were based on population, MD would have 8 times as many votes as Alaska) Thursday 10.13.16 American Elections in Comparative Perspective: How Others select their leaders. Election factors Who votes (independent variable): Number of voters, issues/concerns Institutional rules (independent variable) o Primaries o Electoral college o Only one will win o Role of states Campaigns (dependent variable): Candidates have to adjust their campaigns to take into account these factors that shape elections Characteristics of the 2016 Election Media driven: 3060 second TV ads vs. hourlong broadcasts Negative: Attacks on opponents Nonpersonal: No doortodoor campaigning