Western Art Week 7 Notes
Western Art Week 7 Notes ART 225-02
Popular in Overview of Western Art
Popular in Art History
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by THeller97 on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 225-02 at Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania taught by Pitluga, Kurt W in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Overview of Western Art in Art History at Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania.
Reviews for Western Art Week 7 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/14/16
EARLY RENAISSANCE CONTINUED-- Botticelli - “Little Barrel” ● The Birth of Venus 1480 ○ First work of the renaissance to deal with pagan myth ○ Most interested in decorative pattern ○ Elongates Venus to accentuate her beauty ○ Equated to Virgin Mary ○ Neoplatonism ■ Attempt to combine pagan philosophy and christian theodicy ■ To get closer to god, was through contemplation through beauty ● “The Nativity” ○ Pyramidal composition ○ Medici family within setting of painting ■ Offended many and anger grew towards the Medici Rise of Fra Savonarola 1491-1498 ● Convinced many to destroy material goods ● “Bonfire of Vanities” ○ Destroying the things that make you vain ○ Medici’s expelled from florence in 1498 ● Burned at stake CHAPTER 16: HIGH RENAISSANCE 1500-1525 ROME “The Golden Age” Pope Julius II ● Wants to restore grangor of Rome ● Restore old, ancient aquaducts to encourage people to come to Rome Leonardo DaVinci 1452-1519 ● Universal Man ○ One who is gifted and excels in many areas ● Notebooks 1470-1519 ○ Excelling in botany ○ Explored astronomy ○ Human dissections ○ Inventor ■ Bikes, tanks, helicopters, weapons, etc. ● Sfumato ○ Smoky or hazy ○ Incorporating atmospheric quality into paintings ● “Last Supper” 1498, Milan ○ Fresco painting ■ Fresh ○ Fresco experiment ■ Painted on dry plaster, but done with wax and paint ■ Failed experiment ● Flaked paint ○ Used Christ’s head as vanish point ○ Balance and symmetry ○ Selects moment where Christ states “One of you shall betray me” ■ Catches reaction of all ■ Judas is the only other to have hands on table along with money bag ● Displays that he is betrayer. ● “Mona Lisa” 1503-1506 ○ Oil paints ■ Render soft, warm, supple flesh ■ Questionable expression ● Catches between two expressions ○ Smile and frown ■ Stolen twice in early 20th century ○ Questions why he kept painting Michelangelo 1475-1564 ● Good example of “Universal Man” as well ● Always fancied sculpture ○ Left many sculptures unfinished ○ Worked from front to back of sculpture ○ Completed relief sculpture at 12 years old ● “David” 1501-1504 ○ Florence ○ 18’ of marble done by himself ○ Male nude figure was most beautiful form created by God for artistic expression ○ Michelangelo selects moment before battle with Goliath unlike Donatello who picks moment after battle ○ Action and contemplation ■ Neoplatonic ideas used in his works of art ● “Sistine Chapel Ceiling” 1508-1512 ○ His first fresco painting ○ Vatican ○ Commissioned by Pope Julius II ■ Private chapel of the Pope ○ Ceiling just had stars previous to the painting ○ Used illusionistic painting to divide the ceiling into nine main paintings ■ Deals with creation, fall, and redemption of humans ■ Jeremiah ● Melancholy ● Said to be portrait of himself ■ Female prophet ● Loved to create challenging forms ○ Creation of Adam ■ Most celebrated of nine panels ■ Stretches down center of ceiling ■ Simplified details of beings and created bold, detailed patterns ● Action and contemplation ■ Painting of God inspired by “Laocoon” from Ancient Greeks ● Ironic since this was a pagan figure ○ Rebuilding of “St. Peter’s Basilica” 1546-1564, Rome ■ Pope Julius II decided to make the basilica bigger and better ■ Wanted to surpass classical past ■ Michelangelo was 80 years old at time ● Did not want pay for rebuilding ○ His way of giving back ● Did not want assistance ■ Greek Cross Plan ● Centralized ● Heavily modified after his death by elongating design for long nave ● Two shelled dome ○ Inner shell to be seen from interior ○ Outer shell to be seen from outdoors ■ Space in between domes ■ Walk through shells leading to top of dome ● Apse ○ Much visual movement ■ Made like the “rippling muscles of a man’s body” ■ Angolating ● Wave movement ■ Drum was only made by time of death ● Left a model of the dome for architects to refernce to ○ Much movement as well ■ State capitol buildings follow two basic structures ● St. Pauls ● St. Peters Rapheal 1483-1520 ● Very wealthy and popular ● Child prodigy ● “School of Athens” 1510, Vatican ○ Most famous fresco in Vatican ○ Contains all of the great minds of the past ● CHAPTER 14: Artistic Innovations in fifteenth Century Northern Europe ● ● ● ● Illusion of flickering movement ○ Walking in Piazza and appears the columns are shifting back and forth and you move ● Francesco Borromini ○ Designed smaller churches ○ SanCarlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome 1638-1667 ■ Quattro Fontane = “Of the four fountains”
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'