Sociology Class Notes Week 7
Sociology Class Notes Week 7 1311
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SOCI 1311 - 004
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Belma Radoncic on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dorthy, Kalanzi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Sociology at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Social Stratification How society ranks people Ex. Low class, middle class, high class Caste Systems Based on ascription (born into it) Ex. Royals, commoners, outcasts Social Mobility Moving up or down the system Impossible in the caste system Caste Systems Shape People’s Lives in 4 Ways Endogamy- no out of group marriage No out of group contact Typical of agrarian societies o Routines of agriculture = a rigid sense of duty and discipline Class System Society Stratification based on birth and achievement Moves towards meritocracy o Stratification based on personal merit Status Consistency Consistency across dimensions of social inequality. o Ex. Power- Status- Class In class systems, status consistency is lower than in caste systems Max Weber’s 3-Dimensions of Stratification: Class, Status, Power Not only class, but also status and power are stratified Social Theories on Social Stratification Structural Functionalists Social Conflict Theorists Structural-Functional Theorists Davis and Moore’s Thesis: o Gives incentive to hard work to achieve a desired position o Wages are based on the importance of the position Can’t specify importance of positions; some are over or under awarded Ignores hoe social stratification may hinder the development of individual talents Social Conflict Theorists Karl Max: Class and conflict o Conflict between groups o Capitalists/bourgeoisie- factory and business owners o The proletarians- sell labor for wages Marx’s Predictions o Proletariat vs. Bourgeoisie o Overthrow the capitalists o Wealth is still concentrated among the elite o Class conflict continues Workers vs. Management The laws still protect the private property of the rich Marx predicted that revolutions were inevitable in capitalist societies Why No Revolution Yet? Workers are better organized Unions fight for reform Why hasn’t the western capitalism experienced a revolution as per Marx’s predictions? The capitalist class has grown; more stable in the system Extended legal protections to workers Stratification Ideology Cultural beliefs that justify stratification Plato o Every culture considers some type of inequality “fair” Dimensions of Social Class Income (wages and earnings from investment) o 48% of income goes to the top 20% richest people Wealth ($$$ + assets – debt) o 84% of wealth goes to the top 20% richest people Power (ability to control and face resistance) o Source of power: wealth and occupation Education (key to better career opportunities) o Affects both occupation and income Ancestry (point of entry into system) o Ascribed: wealth, privileges Gender o Ascribed, female = less income Race/Ethnicity o Affects income, wealth, and occupation Social Classes in the US 1%: the upper-upper. Anglo-Saxon, protestants, ascribed wealth Lower upper: the working rich, achieved Average middle Working class Lower class Upper-Upper “Old money” So much wealth Devoted to community service Lower-Upper Class The working rich The “new rich” Enjoy “old money” standards Usually excluded from certain organizations and clubs of the old rich The Middle Class More ethnically diverse Upper Middle o High occupational prestige o Value education and politics Lower Middle o Income provides modest security Working Class Risk financial problems due to illness or unemployment 50% own homes in less desirable inner neighborhood *Intragenerational Social Mobility Changed in social position during one’s lifetime *Intergenerational Social Mobility Up or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents Mobility varies by gender and ethnicity, more fluid for males Social mobility varies by income level Earnings have stalled Multiple job holding Change: Manufacturing to service work o Creates upward mobility but just for educated people o Service work also fosters investments, but for those with money Social Class by Age 21.9% of children under 18 live in poverty Social Class by Race and Ethnicity 2/3 of all poor people are white 28% of blacks are poor 25% of Latinos are poor *Social Class by Gender Feminization of poverty o The increasing proportion of females in poverty
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