Notes from September 30th
Notes from September 30th HORT 3440
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meghan Shah on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 3440 at University of Georgia taught by James Affecter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants in Biology/Anthropology at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Notes from Sept. 30 Goldenseal ○ Buttercup fam ○ Hydrastis Canadensis ○ Herbaceous perennial native to the eastern US ○ Rhizome and roots are used ○ Colds, flus, antibacterial, astringent ○ Cautions: heart disease and pregnancy ○ Site selection ▪ Need winter cold for root dormancy (probably no further south than north GA) ▪ Rich soils with good drainage (avoid bottomlands and clay soils) ▪ For forest associates look for mayapple, trillium, bloodroot, and black cohosh ○ Light requirements ▪ Good level is 75% shade (25% light) ▪ Can provide with forest cover, lath, or shade cloth ○ Site preparation ▪ Build raised beds if possible ▪ Add compost or dead leaves for organic matter ▪ Goldenseal likes a pH of 5.5 – 6.0; pH affects growth, root yield, and root alkaloid content; can add dolomitic limestone to raise pH ○ Fertilization ▪ Initial bed preparation can incorporate compost, poultry litter products, soybean meal, etc. ▪ A light foliar feeding in the spring with an organic fertilizer (fish emulsion or seaweed) is helpful ○ Pests and Diseases ▪ Slugs are major pests in the Southeast ▪ Weeds are best controlled by mulch ▪ Disease is best controlled with site selection ▪ Drainage and airflow helps (can get that from raised beds) ○ Goldenseal is easier to grow than ginseng because it is tolerant of higher light intensity and less subject to pest and disease damage ○ Unlike ginseng, goldenseal does not continuously increase in value with the age th rd th of the plant; decay begins after 4 year, making harvest in 3 or 4 year optimal Ginseng ○ Panax ginseng (Chinese) ○ P. quiquefolius ○ Ginseng fam ○ Herbaceous perennials ○ Native to east Asia and eastern North America ○ Root is used ○ Fatigue, tonic, athletic performance ○ Cautions: high blood pressure, heart palpitations ○ Ginseng seeds are valuable; you can sell them to people who want to grow ginseng ○ Video: Lifecycle of Ginseng ▪ Reproductive after root reaches a certain size ▪ Could be propagated vegetatively with roots, but usually done by seeds ▪ Flowers turn into two berries (droops) with two seeds ▪ Ginseng seeds take about 18 months to crack open and then start growing. Long dormancy period ▪ Ginseng takes years to grow and reach reproduction ▪ Catskills mountain ginseng most valuable variety of ginseng in the US Really large and really unique ▪ Big roots can be worth $1000s ○ Video: