Notes from October 5th
Notes from October 5th HORT 3440
Popular in Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Biology/Anthropology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meghan Shah on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 3440 at University of Georgia taught by James Affecter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants in Biology/Anthropology at University of Georgia.
Reviews for Notes from October 5th
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/14/16
October 5 th Once herbs and medicinal plants have been brought into cultivation, they can be manipulated in two general ways: ○ Genetically – selection and breeding, direct genetic modification, etc. ○ Environmentally – fertilization, lights intensity, irrigation, etc. The process is illustrated by research carried out at Purdue University (Indiana) by horticultural scientists working to develop me cultivars of Basil ○ Goals of the Basil research program to develop new genetic lines with: ▪ Increased total essential oil content ▪ Increased content of cinnamonscented oils of interest to the perfume industry (methyl chavicol and methyl cinnamate) ○ Sweet Basil Mint Fam Ocimum basilicum Annual herb, cultivated for at least 3,000 years Native to tropical regions throughout Africa, Middle East, India, Indonesia Leaves are used Culinary herb Used in traditional medicine as a tonic, carminative, diuretic, and anthelmintic (removes intestinal bugs) ○ The essential oil composition of basil species is extremely variable (different kinds have different kinds of essential oils), which makes them good candidates for development and selection of new chemotypes (chemical races, not necessarily morphologically distinguishable) The Purdue researchers obtained seeds of 87 Ocimum accessions from the USDA Plant Introduction Station in Ames, Iowa ○ Accession – a documented element in a collection (known provenance) ○ These accessions were all fieldgrown in a trial garden (or “common garden”) in central Indiana. About 50 of the accessions germinated ○ Development of the new Basil cultivars involved 3 steps: ▪ Evaluation – initial screening Of accessions from trial garden ▪ Selection and more intensive evaluation of genetic lines with target characteristics analyzing leaves from each individual plant ▪ Breeding – and continued evaluation Of chemotypes with new combinations of characteristics Tifton Mint Study ○ Dr. Dean Batal, UGA Horticulture Department ○ Tested 8 different mint cultivars ○ Used 4 different soil amendment treatments ○ 3 cultivars had significantly higher yields ○ Addition of mushroom compost increased yield (biomass)
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'