Developmental Psychology Week 8 Notes
Developmental Psychology Week 8 Notes PSY 266
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Anderson on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 266 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Caitlin C. Brez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Development Psy in Psychology at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Developmental Psychology Week 8 Notes Middle Childhood Developmental Disorders Autism Symptoms: Sensitive (sensory issues) Repetitive behaviors Cognitive impairment Social impairment Example: Savant: have some incredible talent Most individuals with autism aren’t savants, but most savants are autistic savant abilities are not a key feature of autism. Living with autism Temple Grandin wrote many books, had “squeeze machine” to calm her down took this to college with her, became professor specializing in animal handling. Causes Don’t really have one William’s Syndrome th Genetic mutation on the 7 chromosome Symptoms: Strong language and or music abilities Low IQ, decreased spatial and math skills Extremely social Facial features (squinted eyes, large mouth) Exam 2 End Exam 3 Start Puberty Continuous: always changing Discontinuous: staircase change a lot and then not so much Puberty vs adolescence: specific vs. time period Gradual change: 6 or 7 year time span Onset of puberty o Females: First menstruation= menarche ~12 years First ovulation Ability to get pregnant o Males: First ejaculation= semenarche (or spermarche) ~13 years Appearance of sperm in ejaculate o Girls start growth spurt sooner o Not just height and weight: Muscles Eyes: eye overgrows and changes lenses (near sided) Brain: growth in frontal lobe (decision making) o Developmental changes chart on blackboard o Primary sex characteristics: ovaries and testes (sex organs) o Secondary sex characteristics: sex organs give hormones that make these happen (hair, breast growth ect.) How does puberty start? o Adrenal glands : adrenal androgens o Hypothalamus/Pituitary Stimulates the pituitary which releases sex hormones Sex hormones stimulate gonads Gonads release estrogen and testosterone o Leptin tell body you are full when you have enough leptin it stimulates puberty Timing of puberty o 3 yo with developed breasts or a deep voice? could happen but very rare o Cultural differences: Norway over 13 yo Saudi Arabia (Jeddah)15.1 yo New Guinea (Bundi) 18yo Tanner stages o Lots of variability in the timing and tempo of puberty o Stages: 3 scales Female: breast development. 4 years to get through puberty (stages 25) some take 1 year, some take 9 years Male: penis development. 3 years to get from stage 25. Some take 1.8 years, some take 4.7 years. Both (pubic hair growth) Early puberty o Precocious puberty extremely early (8 yo girls, 9 yo boys) o McCune Alright very rare disease starts puberty at 18 or so months o What about early puberty? Boys Research is mixed: no difficulties, early or late disadvantageous, early advantageous Girls Earlymaturing girls are at risk for: depression anxiety, eating disorders, pregnancy, obesity, HPV, academic difficulties, delinquency, poor selfesteem, suicide attempts. Why so many problems? physical development doesn’t match their emotional or social development. Looking different