New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

ANTHRO33: Lecture 7 (10/13/16)

by: Viola You

ANTHRO33: Lecture 7 (10/13/16) ANTHRO 33

Viola You

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Language Acquisition
Culture and Communication
E. A. Cartmill
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Culture and Communication

Popular in Anthropology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Viola You on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 33 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by E. A. Cartmill in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Culture and Communication in Anthropology at University of California - Los Angeles.


Reviews for ANTHRO33: Lecture 7 (10/13/16)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/14/16
Language, Thought, and Culture Do people speaking different languages speak different thoughts? Influence of language on thought ● Influence of language on thought more likely to be predispositional than  determinative ● Language might predispose you to view the world in a certain way but it won't  prevent you from challenging that view ● Linguistic Relativity vs Linguistic Determinism ○ LR: Relationship between language and thought ○ LD: Hard influence of language on thought Bas, Sapir, and Whorf ● Franz Boas (1858­1942) ○ German­American Anthropologist ○ Turn of 20th century ○ Queen Victoria at the end of her reign ­ Victorian Era ○ Theodore Roosevelt was president ○ Some people argued that people in certain societies were  incapable of abstract, scientific thought because their languages lacked structure and logic found in Western languages ■ Justifying racism ○ Boas argued that all languages and cultural [practices were  equally complex and logical ○ Argued that language reflects cultural practices but doesn’t limit  thought ● Edward Sapir (1884­1939) ○ American Anthropologist and Linguist ○ Language can strongly influence thought, but all languages are  equal ○ “No matter what any speaker of it may desire to  communicate...the language is prepared to do his work” ● Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897­1941) ○ American Linguist ○ Sum total of a language's categories produces an overall  worldview in people who speak that language ○ “Linguistic relativity” ■ Nice fit with Einstein’s new theory of relativity ○ Sometimes described as “Sapir­Whorf Hypothesis” ■ They didn’t really write together ■ Wasn’t designed as a testable hypothesis ■ Misnomer… ○ Studied representations of time in Hopi (Native American  language) ■ Compared to “Standard Average European” (SAE) ■ Argued that expressions of time in Hopi were less  discrete and more cyclical, fit with concepts of time and cultural values Diversity and Universality ● Whorf (like Boas and Sapir) opposed views of cultural or linguistic superiority ● Diversity of features ● University of abilities Better understanding of Sapir­Whorf ● Language, thought, and culture all influence each other Looking for Whorfian effects ● Language in general ○ Animal communication, taught language studies, children with no  access to language, pre­linguistic children ● Are there things we can’t do without language in general? ○ Theory of mind ● Linguistic structures ○ Words? ­ no evidence for this ○ Grammatical structures ● Language use Hard to study language in general ● Everybody learns a language or languages, not language in general 400 words for snow? ● Not having a word for something doesn’t mean you can’t grasp the concept ● Family of indigenous arctic languages have to root words for snow (on ground vs  in air) ● Grammatically modify to indicate other uses/types ○ Like snowman or snowstorm Then what should you study? ● Grammatical structures ○ Habitual ○ Obligatory ○ Largely unconscious ● Pronouns ○ Formality ○ Gender ○ Proximity ○ Visibility How language divides up the world can influence the categories you perceive ● Containment (English) vs fit (Korean) ○ Direct translation is different between the two languages, but they  ultimately mean the same thing


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.