New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

ARTH 430 Week 7 Notes

by: Tia Goebel

ARTH 430 Week 7 Notes ARTH 430

Tia Goebel
GPA 3.93

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes summarize what we covered on the Bourbon Restoration and the associated artworks.
19th Century Art History
Dr. Todd Larkin
Class Notes
ArtHistory, Art, history, Lecture Notes
25 ?




Popular in 19th Century Art History

Popular in ARTH - Art History

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tia Goebel on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 430 at Montana State University taught by Dr. Todd Larkin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see 19th Century Art History in ARTH - Art History at Montana State University.


Reviews for ARTH 430 Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/14/16
ARTH 430 Week 7, Notes from Wednesday, October 12 I. Bourbon Restoration 1814/15 – 1830 II. Louis XVIII’s “Cult[ural] Politics I. Bourbon Restoration - The Bourbon family was restored because they thought it would bring peace to France -Under King Louis XVIII – restored the principle of divine right, but knew that things couldn’t go back to the way things were, restored religion (Roman Catholic), banking/land distribution systems stayed, only wealthy white men got to vote, delegated some power… - Louis had to work with different political sides: radical ultra-royalist (right) vs. (motley crew, no cohesion) Constitutional (left) - Louis XVIII ended up mediating the wants of these two groups, was kind of in the middle, not AS tyrannical before The Public Eye - Public didn’t understand by the gov. and religion were being imposed on them forcefully once again - Didn’t understand the ‘legitimacy’ of the Bourbon family P.-J.-B. Guerin, Louis XVIII, Salon of 1819 We can see the similarities between this and: F. Gerard, Emperor Napoleon, 1806 And The Map of Europe is Redrawn… Napoleon defeated twice by Prussia, Russia, Austria, Britain Louis SVI  Comte de Provence  Artois Congress of Vienna  denies Napoleon’s boarders New ‘French’ Government has two groups: Chamber of Peers and Deputies That was historical account. Now on to culture of the time… II. Louis XVIII’s “Cult[ural] Politics J.-D. Dugourc, Funeral Mass for Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette at Saint-Denis, 1816  Had to get the bodies of Louis XVI and Marie from a huge pit-grave  By rumor, they had to trust the word of locals  Started digging “for a chocolate chip in the pudding” (- Todd Larkin)  Bodies found with hundreds of others  An official day of public mourning was created on January 21 (the day the king was murdered before)  The ceremonies involved were very fire and brimstone – religious fervor  Louis XVI compared to Christ and the funeral was completed  Members of his family were also re-celebrated/forgiven Dugourc, Transfer of the Royal Remains to Saint-Denis, 21 January 1815  Dugourc’s engravings (I believe), illustrated for us the massive amount of people that flocked these ceremonies  Extremely elaborate Louis XVIII had a budget set aside for exquisite art, palaces, and architecture.. The Chapelle Expiatoire Pierre – Francois – Leonard Fontaine, Chapelle Expiatoire or Chapelle Louis XVI, 1816-26, Square Louis XVI, Rue d’Anjou  Built based on a pagan style, Louis liked Neoclassical (progressive) styles, like Napoleon  Paid for by the king, 2 million francs, 10 years  Fontaine was hated by the public for desecration of graves – King purchased this land because it is where the Louis and Antoinette’s bodies were found, and Fontaine was forced to build here  Fontaine constructed a fence around, eventually, so the people walking by wouldn’t see the piles of bones  Aediculae – from Roman religion, meaning a small shrine  Peristyle – column/cubed porch  Crypt underneath  Two arcades, cloister in the center, king’s regiments in the special spaces on the sides  Small, eerie inside (dank)  Bosio, was the sculptor, some of his work is inside (worked for Napoleon, but kept around for Louis XVIII) F. –J. Bosio, Louis XVI Ascending to Heaven, 1824  Cross running through the limbs of the figures  Martyr  Portrait of person that actually stood with Louis at the guillotine J. –P. Cortot, Marie-Antoinette Comforted by Religion, 1824  Not liked by her brother in law  Not saved  Portrayed as a mess  Marie was accused of all kinds of crimes and indecencies when she was alive  Her she is portrayed as the one that needs forgiveness More on the site itself…  In this space, center point underneath dome, where they found Louis’s head and point where the alter is – where they found Marie  Coffers have Bourbon lilies (seen above Marie)  Site at an angle because of where the bodies were found (weird site plan) L.-T. Turpin de Crisee, Service Held in the Chapelle Expiatoire, 1835.  Painting of what the space would have been like in service  Staircases to the crypt  Alter in the crypt for Marie The bodies of Louis XVI and Marie have been moved to:  Sainte-Denis, Paris, ca. 1180  Burial place of the French kings  Many cult “relics” from the temple prison were saved  The Bourbon government sent out ridiculous bids for finding objects owned by the old royal family Side stories… E. Gaulle and Petitot, Louis XVI and Marie- Antoinette, 1819, rejected grave markers, Sainte-Denis  Rejected grave markers And…Louis XVIII paid a large sum for Brun to surrender her painting of Marie to him. Brun painted a lot of paintings of Marie after she died. More on Louis XVIII and his imagery… Louis Hersent, Louis XVI Distributing Alms to the Poor During the Severe Winter of 1788, Salon of 1817  Seen with villagers that he precedes over  Posed like a Ceasar  Showing humanitarian aid  Giving out money  Gesture of blessing  Child with clogs clinging to royal figure  Influences: (See Durameau)  helping the poor  (See Gros, Napoleon in the Pesthouse at Jaffa, as well)  Roi thurmaturge – healing touch  LOUIS XVI (depicted) is given the facial features of his newly crowned brother, LOUIS XVIII  ….if Louis XVI is “Christ” who is the “Virgin Mary”?  Madame Elisabeth, Louis XVIII’s sister. Fleury Richard, Madame Elisabeth Distributing Milk at her estate in Montreuil, Salon of 1819  Subsidizes the convent  Comes out from her big house and helps the orphans  Two court ladies attend her  She is holy  lit up with light through the umbrella  Thirds (like Gros at Jaffa)  Church and monarchy working together for the good of everyone  Sister of Louis XVIII  Influence: (L. Durameau, St. Louis Washing the Feet of the Poor, 1773) Chateaubriand, Genius of Christianity, (1801)  Art, like religion, is about emotional connection  If Louis = Christ, Elisabeth = Virgin Mary, then Marie-Antoinette = penitent Mary Magdalene Alexandre Menjaud, The last Moments of the Duc de Berry, 1820.  In the back room of a opera house  Citizenry feel like a penance is being pushed onto them  Five years later…someone stabs the Duc de Berry, who didn’t agree with his uncle (the king)  Political divisions becoming violent  Led to the murder of king’s nephew  Wife had a ‘miracle child’ (didn’t know she was pregnant when her husband died)  (Comparable to how the Battle of Eylau was used??) – maybe!  King Louis XVIII embracing the tragedy J. –A. –D. Ingres, Vow of Louis XIII, 1824.  (Louis XVIII has passed on at this point)  Commissioned by the mayor of Montauban, South France  Tying the mayor to Virgin Mary  Louis XVIII is praying for peace  In return for peace, would have a celebration on assumption day, make a special point to honor Virgin Mary in France  Divided in half – so Ingres did not like this painting  Ingres wasn’t even living in France at this time, needed the money, needed the publicity, so he did the commission  What did people think of it? Popular in the press, but people hated it…goes back to imposing a religious penance on the people  Government loved it – classical  Perfect metaphor for the relationship between gov and religion (union between throne and altar)  Ingres declared a legion of honor for this painting, declared a Neoclassical master  Used by ultra loyalists …yes, lots of religious, royalist art…


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.