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POLI201 Chapter 7 Notes

by: Cleopatra Shabazz

POLI201 Chapter 7 Notes POLI 201 -001

Cleopatra Shabazz
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes focus on the executive branch of government by listing the executive positions under the President, defining the powers of being a President and highlighting the historical transition o...
American National Government
David Darmofal
Class Notes
political science
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 201 -001 at University of South Carolina - Columbia taught by David Darmofal in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.


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Date Created: 10/14/16
Chapter 7 Important Term Definition/Main Idea Political PositionsHistorical Events Presidency  Executive Branch of government  Outlined in Article 2 of the Constitution Executive Positions Under the President  Cabinet: secretaries and chief administrators of major governmental departments  White House Staff: advisors and analysts   Executive Office of the President (EOP): permanent agencies under the president that perform management tasks  Vice President: exists to either succeed the President if death occurs or to break a tie­ breaking vote in the Senate Powers  Expressed Powers  Powers stated in the constitution that are given to the president  Categories of Power o Military  Commander in Chief: president = highest military authority o Judicial  Reprieves: punishments that are cancelled or postponed  Pardon:  president  forgives someone of a previous crime  and cancels their punishment for the crime  Amnesty: pardon provided for multiple/groups of people o Diplomatic  Executive Agreement: a contract between the president and another country that does not have to be approved by the Senate o Executive  May nominate executive and judicial officials  Executive   Privilege:  confidential   communications  between president and advisors are to remain private unless he provides the consent to release them o Legislative  Provides information to Congress  Veto Power  Pocket Veto: President takes no action towards a bill  Line­item Veto: President vetoes a specific line or provision stated in a bill  Delegated Powers  Constitutional powers exchanged between government agencies  President receives greater authority from the power to appoint agency officials  Inherent Powers  Powers inferred from the constitution that are claimed by the president  War Powers Resolution: reasserted that President can declare war  Legislative Initiative: President can bring a legislative agenda before Congress Executive Order: rule or regulation passed by the President to help restructure legislation Historical Transition of Presidential Powers  The Legislative Epoch (1800­1933):  Congress  used to  dominate  national policy making  The New Deal: expanded the role of the President to regulate more areas of the federal government and function as chief executive  Going Public:  a tactic used by Presidents to  accumulate more popularity  through public appearances both in person and through mass media o Increased the importance of personal characteristics and skills of the President  Administrative State  Regulatory Review:  reviewing agency regulations  before producing an official policy  Signing Statement: President announces when a bill is signed into a law


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