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PSY 321 Chapter 9 (2)

by: Stephanie

PSY 321 Chapter 9 (2) Psy 321

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These notes go over the next part of Chapter 9 which covers why we join groups and how groups function.
Social Psychology
Carrie Smith
Class Notes
PSY321, social, Psychology, Lecture Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 321 at University of Mississippi taught by Carrie Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at University of Mississippi.

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Date Created: 10/14/16
PSY 321:  Social Psychology Chapter 9:  Group Behavior I. The Presence of Others a. Is our behavior more socially acceptable when we are around other people? i. Deindividuation ii. Why does this happen? 1. The chance for us being held accountable for that activity is  diminished 2. Our attention falls onto the group a. Conformity b. Imitation c. The group kind of takes over 3. When we are in that situation we start to lose self­awareness II. Common­Bond Groups a. Interact and influence each other b. They perceive each other as an “us” c. What makes us perceive a group of people as a “group”? i. Group entiativity 1. The extent to which you perceive people as a cohesive entity  a. The group members interact with each other often b. They have some sort of common goal c. They are similar d. If they are seen as important to the people in the group III. Why do we join groups? a. A need to belong b. To seek out/ share information c. Helps define who we are/ social identity d. To complete an activity e. To make decisions IV. Group Characteristics a. Groups tend to… i. Be homogenous (similar to each other) 1. Reasons why this happens a. Groups want other similar people b. The more you interact you will become more and more  similar over time 2. What about diversity? a. Over time the members will look similar and be  homogenous no matter how diverse they are to begin with ii. Have group norms 1. Shared rules/ expectations about how you should/ should not  behave iii. Have group roles 1. Jobs or duties that particular people in the group have b. Could be formalized or just natural c. Group Cohesiveness  i. This is a connection or bond to a group ii. Members commitment to the group iii. Cohesive groups tend to be more harmonious 1. Less social loafing 2. More likely to adhere to group norms 3. How to increase group cohesiveness a. Cohesive groups have people who like each other b. They also tend to have interactions that are affective and  pleasant c. Tend to be better at achieving their goals d. Can be maintained if there are no other groups to join V. How Groups Function a. Are two or more heads better than one? i. Enhanced performance v. process loss 1. Enhanced performance:  If the group’s output is better than what  comes from an individual 2. Process loss:  If the group’s performance is worse than what an  individual could have done ii. What are you trying to do? 1. Additive task a. A task in which the group product is the sum of all group  members’ efforts i. You typically get social loafing 2. Conjunctive task a. A task in which the individual effort of each person is  important in its own right b. The more people you have the more likely someone is  going to mess up c. If one person messes up then the entire task is a failure d. Use a few people as possible 3. Disjunctive task a. A task in that can be completed by just one person b. You won’t necessarily have process loss, but you have to  think about if you really need to be in a group


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