Soc 101: Week 8 Notes
Soc 101: Week 8 Notes Soc 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Chapter 8 Race and Ethnicity Concepts of Race and Ethnicity Historical thinking about race Racial categories o These are socially constructed Racial and Ethnic Identities Race A social definition (construction) based on some real or presumed physical, biological characteristic of a person, such as skin color or hair texture, as well as shared lineage Majority – Minority Relations The Social Construction of Difference o Products of social definitions Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination o Stereotype – a generalization about an entire category of people that is thought to apply to everyone in that category o Prejudice – preconceived negative attitudes, beliefs, and feelings toward minorities, typically derived from unfounded opinions or stereotypes o Discrimination – the unfavorable, unjust treatment of minorities arising from the negative stereotypes associated with prejudice Intersectionality o The idea that members of any given minority group are affected by the nature of their position in other systems or other forms of social inequality Patterns of Interaction o Pluralism – many groups are able to coexist without any of them losing their individual qualities o Assimilation – a minority group takes on the characteristics of the dominant group and leaves its old ways behind Can be voluntary or involuntary o Segregation – the physical and social separation of majority and minority groups o Genocide – an active, systematic attempt to eliminate an entire group of people Institutional Racism Racebased discrimination that results from day to day operation of social institutions and social structures and their rules, policies, and practices o Education – implicit bias due to race o Labor – may deny workers with Hispanic or black names o Criminal Justice o Health Care White Racial Frame An array of racist ideas, racial stereotypes, racialized stories and tales, racist images, powerful racial emotions, and various inclinations to discriminate against blacks (or others). o Example: Distinction in grocery stores between “normal” and “ethnic” foods o “Where are you really from?” Immigration Why do people immigrate? There is a push and a pull. o Push: To escape war, famine, bad economy, or just general bad circumstances. o Pull: There is something good about the destination – it is an attractive place Diaspora – dispersal, typically involuntary, of a racial or ethnic population from its traditional homeland and over a wide geographic area o “Trail of Tears” o Japanese Internment o Operation “Wetback” Operation to reduce the Mexican immigrant population in the Southwest – deported 1.3 million, but many of those were U.S. citizens o Orientalism Representations of Asia is a stereotyped way that is regarded as embodying a colonialist attitude
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