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week 8 class notes

by: Ranayzia Notetaker

week 8 class notes Soc 3600

Marketplace > Ohio University > Sociology > Soc 3600 > week 8 class notes
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these are class notes from week 8
Nicole kaufman
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ranayzia Notetaker on Friday October 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 3600 at Ohio University taught by Nicole kaufman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Ohio University.


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Date Created: 10/14/16
Week 8 Notes 10/10/16 Carrie & Emma Buck  Supreme court case  Does the VAs law violate the 14 amendment? What became of the eugenics?  Bucks bell was not overturned, though some states eugenics laws on the books still remained through 1970s-1980s  Movement lost stem with Nazi application of eugenics Recent application: epigenetics  Epi: around or outside of  Examining how genes are exposed and how the environment may influence this  Using “bio marks”- correlates of conditions or state of behavior Societal explanations  Attributes of societies as a whole make crime more or less frequent in them  Attributes include: o Economics-patterns in how goods & services are used and produceds o Demographics- patterns of birth, death, & migration o Other societal structures- organize social life that shape what individuals do (enduring patterns norms, relationship) like class, race, gender. Economics & culture  We can explain crime based on not only economic self- interestedness of individuals, or biological characteristics o Also:  Degree of inequality in income & wealth  Growth of all goods & services  Wages  Unemployment etc.. Inequality &crime  Economic inequality occurs when dept., credit, income, wealth, property, and other material resources are not spread around evenly  How might the degree of economic inequality in a country impact crime? Gini Coefficient (Gini ratio)  A measure of how equally income is spread on or distributed  Is there s perfect income equally: o The bottom 10% of the workforce earns 10% of the income o The bottom 20% of the workforce earns 20% of the income etc.  Gini value of 0 means perfect equality (everyone w/ the same amount)  A lower number Gini score means more equality.  Inequality is casually related to violent crime  In the us, crime is higher in place with greater economic inequality (freeman)  These places are also characterized by: o Lower legit earning prospects o Lower educational completion levels o Lower test scores o Lower hourly wages for legal work GDP & Crime  Economic growth is measured in terms of GDP  GDP or gross domestic product – the summary of all goods, services, investments and public spending in a year reflects wealth of economy as a whole  Pie metaphor. 10/12/16 No Class 10/15/16 Marxist on crime  Surplus crime: how much of the productivity “pie” is not created through labor, but not shared between workers and management Economic opportunity and crime  How does having legitimate economic opportunities impact choices to commit crime or not (zimring) o Money o Time  Changes in labor markets impact crime (Richard freeman) o # of jobs being generated or removed from economy o Wages in real dollars  Reservations wage = the lowest amount you will access being paid for your legitimate/above -ground work  Incarceration is irrelevant; the supply of young men is “elastic” Proposed economic solutions to crimes Marxist  Redistributed programs: o Reduced gabs in income & wealth o Surplus labor- pay workers the value they add to products  Expand states roles into business sectors o Contain the destructive tendencies of unregulated markets o Curb globalizations Proposed economic solutions to the crime problem  Reinvesting the $ spent on crime control in deterrence programs o Demand side programs  Housing vouchers  Enterprise zones (empowerment zones) o Sunny side programs  With employers  With employees  Job skilling-Wisconsin regional training program (WRTP)


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