New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Art History 315 Week 3 Notes

by: Anjali Grutzius

Art History 315 Week 3 Notes A/HI 315

Marketplace > Western Washington University > Art History > A/HI 315 > Art History 315 Week 3 Notes
Anjali Grutzius
Western Washington University
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the myths of Venice: -Miraculous Birth and Virginal Character -The Peace of St. Mark -The Wisdom of Solomon -Appropriation of Classical Gods/Myths
Early Modern Civic Identity
Javier Berzal de Dios
Class Notes
ArtHistory, Art, Venice, europe, history, mythology
25 ?




Popular in Early Modern Civic Identity

Popular in Art History

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anjali Grutzius on Saturday October 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to A/HI 315 at Western Washington University taught by Javier Berzal de Dios in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Early Modern Civic Identity in Art History at Western Washington University.

Similar to A/HI 315 at Western Washington University


Reviews for Art History 315 Week 3 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/15/16
Art History 315 10/3/2016 Take home midterm- 2 long essay questions The Myths of Venice Venetian Civic Identity Established by Way of Several Legends/Themes 1. Miraculous Birth and Virginal Character 2. The Peace of St. Mark 3. The Wisdom of Solomon 4. Appropriation of Classical Gods/Myths 1. Venice as Virgin and its Virgin Birth th 1. Divinely built (421 ad, March 25 ) 2. Virgin Mary= protector 3. No defenses 4. Justice rather than arms 5. Never sacked Justification for myths • No physical wall surrounding Venice • Remains independent • Venice navy • First republic of Christian era • Mysteriously built city • Real defenses= water and laws Tintoretto, Paradise, Ducal Palace, Venice c.1588 • Located behind the Doge’s chair • Replaced a painting that was there before, continuity • Complex, coronation of the Virgin as the Queen of Heaven • Angel with white lilies for the Annunciation • Celebration of the Virgin in political room • No one else celebrated the Virgin like the Venetians did at this time • Europeans focused more on Jesus • Image of Virgin Mary became politicalized Jacopo Palma il Giovane, The Triumph of Venice, Sala del Maggior Consiglio, Ducal Palace after 1577 • Crowning Venice (pictured as a woman) by an angel • Flag has the lion of St. Mark on it Jacopo Tintoretto, The Voluntary Submission of the Provinces to Venice, after 1577, Sala del Maggior Consiglio, Ducal Palace • Visualization of political structure, 3 tiers • Virgin Mary in the clouds with a lion, above the Basillica representing Venice. • Celebrating the political structure Veronese, Triumph of Venice, c.1585 • Personification of Venice often confused with the Virgin Mary Bonifaco de’ Pitati. Annunciation, Camera degli imprestidi, State Bond Office, Ducal Palace • What started the merging of Venice and Virgin Mary • Insterts a painting, placing it over Venice with God • God the Father Over Venice, 1540s • Visual power, sacreligous • Assimulation of Venice and Virgin Mary 2. The Peace of St. Mark Vittore Carpaccio, The Lion of St. Mark c.1516 • Translation of St. Mark’s body • Bible story of the Apocalypse of St. john: vision of four creatures. Each creature becomes associated with each gospel writer. Winged lion = St. Mark • Story of St. Mark in middle ages on his way to Alexandria. He stopped in Venice islands, and angel told him he would rest there. • Lion= half in the water and half on the land, stepping onto the Terrafirma • In 1560, Venice became more involved with Terrafirma and less a naval state, more agricultural society. • Lion’s mouth is open and depicts a powerful image • War of the League of Cambrai 1508-16, everyone turned against Venice. Titian, St. Mark Enthroned with Saints Sebastian, Roch and Others, c.1510 • St. Mark centered and on the throne instead of Mary. • St. Mark’s face covered in shadows, symbolizing dark times or to help Venice from a plague. Symbols are subtle, political. Titian, Pieta c.1576 (Titian’s last painting) • Style changes • St. Mark with a subtle lion, in front of dead Christ under and arch that hold a painted mosaic. The Scuola of San Marco- the most important scuola Condussi, Scuola Grande di San Marco c.1488-1495 • Renaissance building: rounded arches, columns, perspective, continuity, marble façade • Similar to San Marco’s Basilica through the rounded arches • More decoration on the façade Scuola is in charge of commissioning things, and helping people. • Manage theatre plays, parades, paintings • Helps with dowry and medical bills • Covers a set area of specialize in a section Gentile Bellini, St. Mark Preaching in Alexandria c.1504-07 • Huge painting • Middle Eastern clothing, animals, buildings depicted in an accurate way. • Looks more documentary • The venetian council behind St. Mark based off real members. • Creates a space that is Alexandria but also Venice. They converge. • Main building is not a real building. Similar to St. Mark’s Basilica but more exotic. • Pradestinatio? Sansovino, Library of St. Mark (Biblioteca) begun 1537-1591 • Alexandria had a library in the past. • Venice looking to the East Tintoretto, Discovery of the Body of ST. Mark & St. Mark’s Body brought to Venice • Seen as proof, making the myths factual • Seen as photographs, not paintings • Visual argument/essay trying to tell you something • Glorification of the state of Venice • Partonism to their symbols. 10/5/2016 Myths of Venice (continued) 3. Venice and Solomonic Wisdom Lady with crown and sword sculpture on outside of Doge’s Palace. • Represents Venice-> west façade (cape, regal looking) • Represents Justice West Side: Venice, St. Mark Lion, Doge kneeling • Justice sitting on a “Solomonic Throne”, like that in the Old Testament • In the quarter falls, 2 lions. (Surplus meaning) • Venice=Justice Porta Della Carta • Connects Basilica and Palace • Doge, Lion, Justice, sculptures • Angel Gabriel on Palace side • Virtues represented as sculptures Ceiling, Sala del Collegio, Doge’s Palace Veronese, Venice Enthroned with Justice and Peace, late 16 century • All three ladies look similar on purpose • Venice more regal than others. Sala dell’ Albergo della Scuola Grande di Santa Maria della Carita • Focused on charity work • Part of Academia now • Gave power to those with no nobility • Nobility could not run a scuola • Anyone can enter a scuola Titian, Presentation of the Virgin at the Temple, c.1534-48 • On the wall of the scuola • Mixes past and present • Portraiats of Venetians in the painting, black and red robes • Doge’s Palace next to temple in the painting • Subtle hints to the present • Solomonic Justice theme • Virgin Mary, full of light, halo, depicted as a child • Light from the window= “light source” for the painting • Pyramid->Egypt->Alexandria->Library->Knowledge, embedded into the painting • Political balance demonstrated • People leaning out of the windows to watch. • Mountain/land landscape in the back. Titian, Wisdom, c.1560 Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venice Venice’s Class structure maintained by laws • Men traditionally wore black “togas” that indicated seriousness, piety • Venice regulated everything, constantly passing laws. Renaissance= rebirth of classical antiquity 4. Appropriation of Classical Gods/Myths The pagans gods and Venice, introduced very easily into their life Favorite Gods: Venus, Neptune (God of the Sea), Mercury (God of Commerce), Mars (God of War) Gods are overseeing the city, protecting Venice. Another way to present ideas. Antonio Rizzi Scala dei Giganti c.1483 Doge’s Palace, Venice straight staircase • Mars, Neptune sculptures, lions of St.Mark • Stato di terra= Mars • Stato di mare= Neptune • Gods were there to emphasize war and terror since Christianity can’t envoke terror. Sansovino, Coggietta Piazza San Marco, Venice 1538-1545 • Renaissance look • Coggeitta=no purpose, just pretty • 4 Gods sculptures, Mercury, Peace, Apollo, Minerva J.Sansoving, Venice/Justice between River Gods 1537-45 Ceiling of “Council of Ten” in the Doge’s Palace -Veronese, Jupiter Expelling the Vices, 1556 -Juno Showering Gifts On Venice, 1553. Woman with a lion, scepter, globe, imperial. Shows wealth and politics Giambattista Zelotti, Venice w/ Mars and Neptune, early 1550s Hall of Council of Ten • Venice, more nude • Classical • St. Mark’s Lion J. Tintoretto, Forge of the Vulcan, c.1578, Doge’s Palace -Forming the state, working Byzantine, St. George, Relief craving from san Marco Basilica, Venice th 13 century “Conceptual” or actual spoliation? Titian, La Schiauona c.1511, personal identity with classical antiquity Pietro Lombardo, Tomb of Doge Pietro Mocenigo, c.1474, Venice SS Giovanni e Paolo -funeral monument/classical -celebrate the Doges after they have no power Arsenale, portal 1460 -place to make boats and weapons -variation of lions


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.