Chapter 22 Notes
Chapter 22 Notes History 1112
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raven Hamilton on Saturday October 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1112 at Clayton State University taught by Shane Bell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Survey of Modern World History in History at Clayton State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/16
Chapter 22 Notes InClass Notes: The Opium War (18391842) The British instigate this war with the Chinese in order to gain trading access in the country. They introduced the drug, opium, into the Chinese market which the Manchus had an issue with. This lead to a war between the British and Chinese which the British won. This demonstrated superiority of British firepower and military tactics. The Treaty of Nanjing 1842 Treaty made after the British victory in the Opium War. The British were paid an indemnity by China to cover cost of Opium War. Hong Kong transferred to British control. British obtained the right to begin trading in five Chinese ports. The Taiping Rebellion (18521864) Hong Xiuquan was a Christian leader of this rebellion. It peaked with the rebel capture of the old Ming capital of Nanjing. The Treaty of Tainjin 1858 Made Chinese opium trade legal. The SinoJapanese War (18941895) A war between China and Japan over Korea. China is defeated and are forced to cede Taiwan and Liaodong Peninsula to Japan. New territorial demands Germany demanded and received the Shandong Peninsula. Russia demanded and received Port Arthur and the Liaodong Peninsula. Open Door Policy Informal written agreement that nations would not try to monopolize China. Proposed by U.S. Secretary of State, John Hay. It served to calm the increasingly frantic pace of Western imperialism in China. The West guaranteed China’s territorial and administrative integrity. The Boxer Rebellion (1900) An uprising against foreigners by a secret society opposed to foreign imperialism. Empress Dowager Cixi Had once been an imperial concubine. She was powerhungry and selfcentered. Placed her infant nephew, Emperor Guangxu, on the throne and then imprisoned him in a palace. Sun Yatsen Western educated lawyer whi firmed the Revive China Society. Created the Revolutionary Alliance (Tongmenghui). The Revolution of 1911 Left a power vacuum in the country due to the collapse of the Manchu Dynasty. Puyi was the last emperor of China. Puyi was forced to abdicate the throne at the age of six. The Rise of Modern Japan In the summer of 1853, U.S. President Millard Fillmore sends letter with Commodore Matthew Perry asking to open foreign relations. Perry returned two months later to receive an answer. In 1868, rebel armies attacked shogun’s palace in Kyoto; proclaimed the authority of the emperor who agreed to end cooperation with the West. The end of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) Provided establishment of a U.S. consulate on Japanese soil. The Meiji Restoration The capital of Japan moved from Kyoto to Edo, renamed Tokyo. Confiscation of lands controlled by diamyo (upper nobility). The economoic policies of the Meiji include: improved systems of transportation and communication, industrial subsidies, and laissezfaire policies. The Meiji Constitution of 1890 placed authority within executive branch and modeled on the German government. Social policies included military conscriptions and universal education, and loss of land titles for pesants. Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 Japan received Liadong Peninsula, Port Arthur, and Taiwan. RussoJapanese War (19041905) initiated by a Japanese surprise attack on the Russian naval base at Port Arthur. Russia ceded the Liadong Peninsula back to Japan
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