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SOC030 Lesson 10 - Parents and Children

by: Katrina Iobst

SOC030 Lesson 10 - Parents and Children SOC030

Marketplace > Sociology > SOC030 > SOC030 Lesson 10 Parents and Children
Katrina Iobst
Penn State
Sociology of the Family
Dr. Silver

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About this Document

Notes from Dr. Silver's Sociology of the Family Lesson 10: Parents and Children. Topics include the decision to have children or not have children and socialization's role on our view of parenthood...
Sociology of the Family
Dr. Silver
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Iobst on Friday April 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC030 at a university taught by Dr. Silver in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 172 views.


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Date Created: 04/03/15
Lesson 10 Parents and Children Bene ts Challenges and Changes Readings 1 quotMama Don t Preachquot by Reiter Pronatalism the push to have babies 2 quotDaddy Dilemmaquot by Smith A man s POV on wanting children 3 quotThis Wonderful Decisionquot by Lewis Compares the lives of lesbian single moms with the lives of heterosexual single moms how sexuality in uences the experience of motherhood Motherhood is more in uential than sexuality mothers have more in common with other mothers than people have with people of the same sexuality it trumps the sexual identity Why Have Children 0 Biological drive desire to be parents 0 Love want to give love to a child and express love with partner 0 Some want something that will always love them 0 Continue lineage 0 Sense of Identity our conception of ourselves our selfimage or mental model of ourselves Cultural values 0 Religion not okay to prevent children quotbe fruitful and multiply o Pronatalism idea that having child is good and being a parent is good 0 Social norm shared cultural understanding amp expectation for behavior Implication that married couple isn t a family until there s a child 0 Strengthen family bond create a social family Socialization Girls are socialized with dolls and maternaloriented dogs 0 Boys are typically denied dolls but new male expectations are to be involved with child care Trend Across the developed nations of the world women are older when they have their rst child 0 US average age in 1970 was 21 in 2006 it was 25 Having No Children 0 More women of all races are childless o 2008 18 of women childless by end of childbearing years 44 More people see childlessness as okay not an quotempty lifequot doesn t de ne a successful marriage individualized marriage Public amp Private Explanations for Children as a Choice 0 Technology physical culture 0 Acceptance of diverse family types cultural values 0 Less social pressure on women cultural values 0 Women typically had more social pressure because the window of fertility is smaller than men 0 Women have more opportunities like career 0 Acceptance of childlessness cultural values 0 Education amp occupation options 0 Married at older ages Transition to Parenthood 0 First baby pregnancy l 2 years transition in social role Baby Bene ts 0 Understand previous generations 0 Feel closer tounderstand parents better 0 Feel more like family idea that kids make a family 0 Love Valued role pronatalism 0 Yet we don t encourage young teens or very old generation gap baby health issues with old speci cally people with transferable diseases or handicapped drug addicts or low income single parent by choice homosexual couples 0 Growing personally Shared creation of child Babv Challenges 0 Less time for everything else 0 Combine with work 0 Help declines Tiredness Physical recovery of birth 0 quotOn the jobquot learning Expenses The Business of Being Born Expenses Monthly expenses for Stella at 1 year old in 2005 Food 75 Baby food snacks drinks Diapers amp 70 Provided for daycare use at home wipes Daycare 50 Woman s home unlicensed cheaper than 0 normal Health 20 For family of 3 through work insurance 5 Clothing 35 Clothing also coming as gifts Toys Books 15 Toys amp Books also coming as gifts Misc 20 Sippy cups paci ers dishes TOTAL 92 Did not include big items car seats 5 babyproo ng etc Change Traditionalization 0 Relationships often become more traditional after the birth of the rst baby 0 A problem when couples don t expect or don t want it to happen His Tasks Her Tasks Birth of Baby Before Baby Similar L Moms 0 Fewer work responsibilities in early weeks 0 Maternity leave 0 May quit or reduce hours 0 Focus on direct baby care feeding bathing etc 0 Choice 0 Encouragement from others women tend to have primary responsibility of child care encouraged to be the one who knows their baby 0 Socialization primed since childhood to think being a mother is part of being a woman she must care for the baby 0 Fathers may have paternity leave but some choose not to don t want to be seen as less serious about work Dads More focus on indirect baby care paid work 0 Family needs more 0 Breadwinner expectation via socialization 0 Man usually earns more so makes more sense to add hours for extra 0 Less direct baby care due to work 0 Choice 0 Gatekeeping woman pushes him away from childcare because she is better at it intentionally or unintentionally Socialization Practice 0 One with more time doing direct baby care will be better at that care Usually the mother 0 Direct baby care is an important type of bonding Gives con dence to caregiver 0 System can become very dependent on the mother man doesn t know how to do domestic things or relate to child Kid l Mom Dad no direct relationship between kid and dad Contributes to divorce 0 If unwanted traditionalization can be a source of tension BUT Men usually specialize in Rough amp Tumble Play Emotion Regulation Traditionalization is a Social Process 0 Partners gender socialization amp attitudes 0 Male breadwinner expectation 0 Female as nurturer Partners identity 0 quotBaby personquot 0 Interaction with other family friends media amp their expectations Soc030 survey If I have children I expect Will do most of the direct child care such as feeding bathing diapering etc o 79 women 0 14 men Soc030 survey I expect that will be the breadwinner for my family meaning I Will earn most of the and be responsible for working 0 26 women 0 88 men


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