Religion 131 Week 9
Religion 131 Week 9 REL 131
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Wright on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 131 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Amy Slagle in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
Buddhism Part 2 The Four Nobel Truths: 1. If we live, we suffer. Dukkha suffering We are often in a state of unease/dissatisfaction because we do not get what we want or we lose what we want. 2. Suffering arises from attachment or desire for things that are impermanent Tanha thirst Anatman (anatta) no self/ no soul; most subtle form of ignorance; acceptance of the permanence of self; everything is impermanent including the self The Five Aggregates: 1. Physical matter 2. Sensations 3. Perceptions 4. Consciousness 5. Volition (acts of will) Desire, attachments, craving (tanha) is what holds the aggregates together. Desire is what is reborn during reincarnation. If the desire in a person is not extinguished during one’s life, that desire remains and moves to a new life. Tanha= dukkha Sukkha happiness 3. Nirodha cease attachment= cease suffering Nirvana/parinirvana “to blow out” (desire, ignorance, life itself) to escape the wheel of samsara Avoid extremes Give up desire to stop suffering 4. Follow the Eight Fold Path Marga middle way; avoid extremes of indulgence and mortification The Eight Fold Path: Wisdom: 1. Right Understanding: I recognize the impermanence of life, the mechanisms of desire, and the cause of suffering. 2. Right Intention: My though and motives are pure, not tainted by emotions and self desires. Ethical Behavior 3. Right Speech: I speak honestly and kindly, in positive ways, avoid lies, exaggeration, harsh words. 4. Right Action: My actions do not hurt any other being that can feel hurt, including animals; I avoid stealing and sexual conduct that bring hurt; 5 Moral Precepts 5. Right Work: My livelihood does no harm. Mental Disposition: 6. Right Effort: with moderation, I consistently strive to improve. 7. Right Meditation: I use the disciplines of meditation to focus awareness to contemplate the nature of reality more deeply. 8. Right Contemplation: I cultivate states of inner stillness and peace (samadhi) The Five Moral Precepts: these loosely followed; you can do them if it is for the greater good 1. No killing 2. No stealing 3. No lying 4. No abuse of sex 5. No use of intoxicants
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