Week 8 Lecture Notes
Week 8 Lecture Notes Bio 1081
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Marquez on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 1081 at University of Cincinnati Clermont College taught by Dr. Fankhauser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Majors Biology 1 in Science at University of Cincinnati Clermont College.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
Lecture 7 (10/12/2016) Wordstems Per – Through Ase – Enzyme Sis – Process Gly – Sugar Lys – Break down Pyr – Fire Urvic – Grape Cristae – Plume What is the cytoplasm made of? Cytosol What is the permeability of the cell wall? Completely permeable Three components of ATP What does the cell do when it wants energy? It removes a Phosphate from ATP Give the chemical equation for the hydrolysis of ATP. ATP + H₂O → ADP + Pi + Energy What is the molecule produced by plants which is packed with energy? Glucose How many ATPs can be produced from one glucose molecule? 36-38 ATPs What is the chemical reaction in which all of the energy is released at once? Combustion What is the chemical reaction in which energy is slowly realized in a multistep process? Respiration Diagram of Glycolysis before cellular respiration What is the product of glycolysis? Pyruvic acid and 2 ATP What is the product of cellular respiration? 36 ATP, H2O and CO2 How many membranes does the mitochondrion have? 2 Why does the cell wall fold in on itself? To increase surface area What is pyruvic acid at p H 1? Pyrate Diagram of the mitochondria Where does the dissection of H atoms take place? In the matrix Name two products after burning glucose? NADH and FADH2 What do these products combine with to create ATP? O2 Where does the electron transport chain take place? In the cristae What is the energy from the electron transport chain used? In the proton pump What happens to the intermembranes space is filled with hydrogen ions? It becomes acidic Chemosis Diagram What is ATP synthesis run by? Protons of hydrogen ions Lecture 6 (10/10/2016) Wordstems Plasmo – Shape or form Turgor – To swell Static – Maintain Iso – Same Tonic – Strength Sal – Salt Physio – Bodily function Lys – To break Sis – Process Troph – To nourish Hetero – Different Re – Again Photo – Light Adeno – Gland Tri – Three Guan – Poop Theo – Gods Brom – Food Ine- Nitrogen containing What is Crenation? When cells are placed in a hypertonic solution and they shrivel due to the liquid being sucked out of them (osmosis). What is Hemolysis? When red blood cells are placed in a hypotonic solution and they burst due to too much liquid in them(osmosis). What is Plasmolysis? When plant cells are placed in a hypertonic solution and the cell becomes misshapen due to lack of moisture(osmosis). Name three examples of osmosis. Hemolysis, Crenation and Plasmolysis. How do we know that glucose is hydrophilic? It dissolves in water How many alpha helix per protein in the cell membrane? 7 Name three ways to enter the cell. Simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion and active transport. What must nerves be in order to work? Polarized What uses energy to move solutes against the concentration gradient? Active transport What goes in and what goes out during Dr. Fanks example of active transport? Sodium in and potassium out. Where does the energy for active transport come from? ATP What is turgor pressure? The water inside of plants that holds them up What type of pressure is turgor pressure an example of? Hydrostatic pressure What is the concentration of cells? 0.9% saline What does isotonic mean? The same concentration What is physiological saline? A 0.9% saline solution that is used to wash open wounds, it is an isotonic solution so that the cells do not burst or shrivel What is Fanks theory for energy? That life is energy moving through a system and it tends to organize itself What is the important of yin-yang? Opposites complement each other What are plants considered in terms of where they gain nourishment from? Phototrophs Give the chemical reaction for photosynthesis. 6CO₂+6H₂O → C₆H₁₂ O₆ + 6O₂ What are animals considered under terms of where they derive their nutrients? Heterotrophs Give the chemical equation for cellular respiration. C₆H₁₂ O₆ + 6O₂ → 6CO₂+6H₂O What is the trend between the chemical equations between animals and plants? They are exact opposites. What does ATP stand for? Adenosine triphosphate What family is adenine in? Purine family List of common purines Caffeine Theobromine Uric Acid Guanine Adenine What is uric acid? A common waste product of insects and birds What is the buildup of uric acid in the joints? Gout Adenine backbone Components of ATP What do the squiggly lines on the phosphate bonds indicate? These lines indicate a high energy bond Why is ATP considered energy currency? This is due to the high energy bonds
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