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Anthropology 122S Week 7

by: Meaghan Raw

Anthropology 122S Week 7 ANTY 122S - 01

Meaghan Raw
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 7 notes from lecture and readings.
Race and Minorities
Gregory Ray Campbell (P
Class Notes
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, anthrpology, race, Minorities, race and ethnicity
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meaghan Raw on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTY 122S - 01 at University of Montana taught by Gregory Ray Campbell (P in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Race and Minorities in Social Sciences at University of Montana.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
RACE AND MINORITIES WEEK 7 10/10/2016  Preconceived notions = treatment of native peoples  God played a role in shaping the other”  There was a loss of diversity with colonialism  Natives: o Lived in a natural state o Lived outside the confines of “GOD” o Viewed as inherently evil and incapable of civilizational blessings o All of these qualities were eradicable (unchangeable) o Racial markers were what was used for characterization  Unworthy of civilization  The decline of population was viewed as o God’s will o A natural process- eradicable differences and indolence inhibited them from achieving success th  1789-early 19 century land was taken from natives  1830’s were the years of manifest destiny and it was thought that land was to be taken from coast to coast  1800-1880= no more Judaic Christian views and more science based rationalizations  Natives were now thought of as the “vanishing race”  1830 Andrew Jackson called the demise of natives a “preordained consequence of civilization”  1830 U.S. congress voted on the Indian Removal Act (May 28, 1830) o The government had the right to force all natives to Indian Territory  Trail of Tears o 115,355,769 acres of land and resources were taken from the natives o 1828-1838 81,282 natives were forcibly removed o They were outbreed and overwhelmed as Whites moved westwarad  1851 nationalistic expansion was altered with new policy of concentration o Racial wars (extermination) o Get natives to borders  Free land and resources  Controlled environment o Era of Indian reservations  1871 Indian Appropriation Act o Ended treaty making o New era of Indians was created  1870’s notion of how Indians are now able to be socially changed o They can be taught agriculture and such by being on resservations 10/12/2016  Photos 10/14/2016  1924-1926 so much political pressure the government was forced to form a committee  1926 Henry Work made the Institute of Government Research and was funded by Brookings Institution o The funding was given for research by Rockefeller o They went to the reservations to look at conditions  This led to the Merriam report in 1928 o Pointed out that legislation was poorly conceived from 1887 to now and that is why there were issues o Charged the BIA and employees as incompetent o Didn’t call for any massive overhaul  1933 President Roosevelt appointed John Collier as the Commissioner of Indian Affairs o Collier was an anthropologist and an advocate for natives o Brought with him:  Increased government appropriations  Improved Indian schools on reservations  Improved land  Reduced power of Indian agents  Fostered and selected Indian Trade  This resulted in the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act o Immediately halted allotment o Attempted to reinstate tribal identities o Circular 2970 was sent ot all reservations  It instituted a way for tribes to reorganize o Tribal constitutions were created  Tribal bureaucracy was like the federal bureaucracy  Tribal membership became that of blood quantum o Federal government maintained control over the secretary of Interior and the House committee on Interior and Insular affairs o Government structures imposed:  Increased factionalism  Nourishes and perpetuates nepotism  1934 to WWII Collier carried out his policies and he soon became unpopular  WWII more natives served than any other ethnicity o This created a broader world view and many natives moed to the city for jobs o This then created seedling communities in Urban areas  Some for jobs and others because of marriage and children  After WWII o Collier was fired in 1945 o Congress then refused to appoint a permanent commissioner of indian Affairs o The government was looking to save money after the war  1946 Congress passed Indian Claims Commission Act o The government could pay for land and resources stolen by lawsuit  1946-1975 o 561 million dollars went to tribes with 259 claims awarded;188 denied and 100 plus unresolved


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