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ANTH 201 Homo Sapiens to the End of the Ice Age

by: Jessica

ANTH 201 Homo Sapiens to the End of the Ice Age ANTH 20100

Marketplace > Purdue University > ANTH 20100 > ANTH 201 Homo Sapiens to the End of the Ice Age
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Covers Homo sapiens to the End of the Ice Age as presented in class
Intro to archaeology and prehistory
Ian Lindsay
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 20100 at Purdue University taught by Ian Lindsay in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
ANTH 201 Homo Sapiens to the End of the Ice Age  Homo Sapiens  Began 200,000-100,000 years ago in Africa  Evidence found in Omo and Herto, Ethiopia  Evolved parallel with Neanderthals  Lagar Velho burial, Portugal  24,500 years ago  4-year-old child  Mix of H. Sapiens and Neanderthal  Only one fossil  Replacement model  More supported by data  Neanderthals: too specific to area, couldn’t adapt  Upper Paleolithic (Aurignacium)  40,000-11,000 years ago  Tools  Long thin blades  Use of punch tool (bone or antler)  Burials (24,000 years ago)  Different from Neanderthals  Buried with objects  Art  Portable (with use of animals)  Hohlenstein  Figurines found  Called Venus figurines  Appeared to be figurines of women  Cave Art (200 caves)  Lascaux  17,000 years ago  600 paintings  1500 engravings  The real cave is now closed, a replica was made  Peopling of the New World  Migration Routes  Beringia  Land bridge that connected Asia and North America due to low sea level  Ice-Free corridor  Potential route between to ice sheets  Laurentide and Cordilleran  Coastal migration  Migrated in along the western Coast  Solutrean model  Humans came by boat from Europe  Models  Clovis First  (13,500-12,500BP)  Presence of Clovis spear points in N. A.  Humans crossed Berginia  Used ice-free corridor  Hunted megafauna to extinction (in 1,000 years)  Broken Mammoth Cave, Alaska  14,000-12,800 BP  Nenana culture  No Clovis points  Bifacial flake knives  Monte Verde, Chile  30 radiocarbon dates (around 15,000 BP)  Pre-Clovis  Implies entry into New World by around 20,000 BP  Pre-Clovis  Pedra Pintada Cave, Brazil (13,000-11,000 BP)  Quebrada Tacahuay, Peru (12,700-12,500 BP)  Sea birds, fish and shellfish remain found at these sites  Coastal adaptation  Most likely migrated down the Western coast  Early arrival  Human occupation around (50,000 BP)  Before late stages of glacial advance  Sites in support  Widely contested  Old Crow Basin, Yukon (40,000-30,000 BP)  Monte Verde, Chile (33,000 BP)  Pedra Furada, Brazil (48,000-35,000 BP)  Minority opinion  Solutrean  Stanford and Bradley  Bifacial flaking of spear points  Proof of Clovis origins in W. Europe?  Solutrean ends 5000 years before Clovis  5000 km apart  Skeletal Evidence  Kennewick Man  Found in 1996, Columbia River, Washington  “Caucasoid” face  Projectile point found in hip dated to 5,000-9,000 BP  Carbon dated to 9,300 BP  Has traits of Ainu ethnic group in Japan  European looking (have Caucasian features)  Very little skeletal material in New World  Peopling of Australia  Pleistocene  Sea levels 125 meters’ lower  Sundra and Sahul  Southeast Asia and Australia, respectively  Wallace Trench  5000 meters’ deep  Humans had to cross by boat  No evidence for Asian mammals or H. Erectus in Australia  First Populated  By S.E. Asians adapted to coastal lifestyle  Earliest Evidence  Basically no humans before 60,000 BP  Little credible evidence  Lake Mungo  50,000-40,000 BP  Burial and chipped stone tools  Arid  Desert interior occupied only after 25,000 years ago  After Ice Age  Holocene  Glaciers recede  Warmer, wetter climate  Cultural diversity & regionalization  Differences between hunter-gatherers  Mesolithic (Europe) & Archaic (Americas)


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