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Soc 1004 Week 8: Marriage Lecture Notes

by: Rafia notetaker

Soc 1004 Week 8: Marriage Lecture Notes Sociology 1004

Rafia notetaker
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

includes everything professor said on 10/12/16
Intro to Sociology
Neal King
Class Notes
soc1004, soc, 1004, sociology, neal, King, dr, week8, week, 8
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rafia notetaker on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Neal King in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
MARRI AGE &  As you remember, patriarchy was prevalent  To equal rights among adults: o First it was servants and farm workers o Then it was woman in the 20th century  o The only group left were kids. They were the last official status group divide  Freed from control by patriarchs, adults now lobby for rights: o Now you are a citizen, instead of just someone’s kid o As citizens and employees; you are forming lobbying groups, interest groups, etc.  because you are citizens and you want more rights, and you want more money.  you no longer go to the patriarch you go to the state directly  Gender inequality affected by? o Women used to be treated like property: traditional vows: love, honor, and obey —the bride says this. The groom will cherish the bride. And the bride will obey  the groom.  o Changing of the brides last name upon marriage o Ease of integration of surplus production with mothering: there were some  societies where women and men had similar rights—these were societies that  made it easy for woman to mother and parent. They could also grow food at the  same time (agriculture). If women could do that, they had their hand on the main  commodity: food. Which means they had power. If they can grow food and plant  then they have pretty good societies. This was only for some societies. If it was  long range hunting societies, men would do the hunting and the men were the  ones had the major commodity and they enslaved women.  o Hunting gathering –women could maintain parity if local o Iron­age advances: surplus, property, enslavement—you don’t want your wife to  see other men because she’ll have a son with another man and will carry on the  family name. Whatever. ? women were kept very sexually, under control  o Industrial hi­tech: released them from intensive labor where they were seen as  property—industry set women free. If women can take care of themselves and  MARRI AGE & their kids, increase their economic status, then they can improve their overall  status. (this is just review). Hi­technology: contraception: condoms, pills, etc.   Marriage—cementing hierarchy: o Breeding labor for households: they reproduced so much because of high infant  mortality rates, half of them died. And they needed labor.  o Cultivating trade, consolidating wealth, between them: back then marriage was  not about love. They wanted people to be married since the parents thought it was  a “good property marriage” “carnal pleasure….” Pope said that. Medieval era:  church pamples: marriage taking vows of celibacy—patrimonial slave. People  thought sex was really bad. They didn’t want anyone to do that unless absolutely  necessary. Marrying for love would causes: Alternate social order and lead to  discontent. The “strong thing holding them together” was property relations and  wealth.   Functions of marriage: o Marriage didn’t serve much purpose other than property rights. Some societies  didn’t consider you an adult that could gain property rights until you got married.   Marriage—dividing sexes (19th century Victorian era) o Victorian era begins in England in middle of 19th era. It was notorious for its  sexual repression of woman. This is where feminism was born because women  wanted more rights due to this tension of repression. o Men are still doing all of the paid work—wealth that could be sold, be turned into  more wealth, what you need to eat, etc o Women: if the families could afford to: they would be housewives, housework,  teaching about the church to kids. “woman are sugary and nice and men are dogs” o Women deal with a lot of nurturing­ women don’t do anything but raise kids and  tend the husband MARRI AGE & o But if you’re poor the children have to leave the house to the factory every day  and if you were really poor—wives would have to work too  Polarization of gender ideal: o Victorian marital bargain: complementary roles, unequal status—men agrees to  leave house every day to work and woman agree to stay at home. He’s protecting  her and in return she is loving and nurturing him. He is prepared to use violence  to defend this.  o Men as dogs: they REALLY believed men were dogs—loyal, loving, but if  allowed to run loose they are going to annoy the neighbors, run around in the  streets (with female dogs/prostitutes), doing things they shouldn’t be doing o Women keep men on a leash and keeps him coming home at night.  o Victorian era: do your duty, both men and women o Victorians were very afraid if men were not restrained they were going to go out  and do bad things.  o Women: moral restraints. Remind them of their duties   Public vs. private: o Wives and kids are in home and if they leave the home they are doing charitable  work. They, women, are doing things for love.  o Most of these women are poor  Poor women go to another women’s home and take care of her kids  It is not uncommon for them (poor women) to take service jobs—they are  doing services  A lot of men back then didn’t make family wage  Either way, across lines of race… o Kids often grew up in households where fathers would hit women o Constructs sex dichotomy as natural and vital (you’re either ALL female or ALL  male)  Modern decline of need:  o Industrial households no longer units of production—we no longer need all those  kids in the household to do field work.  o Persons no longer employed in own homes  Modern decline of need: o Children in les demand MARRI AGE & o Women freed for paid work  Decline in obligation: o 17th century ideal of personal freedom (for citizens) o disestablished the family the same way we have disestablished relgion, it doesn’t  matter what family you’re from when you go to school, work, your family doesn’t define you o 18th century ideal of companionship   decline of scope: o like religion, marriage become fragile because its voluntary o institutions no longer demand it, and survival n longer requires it   undoing the bargain: o women used to kill abusing husbands o this marital homicide rate didn’t go down until divorce was legal o men felt like they were chained to their wives  20th century drift: o categorical identities lose salience as work based status gave way to  individualism:  o civil rights were granted o public violence against women, immigrants, former slaves loses its legitimacy   unmarried people actually make better citizens   disetsblishment proliferates: o alternatives. The white house was all rainbow ish whwn supreme court made gay  marriage legal  20th century drift: o demographically stable, subordinate groups gain authority   do what the guys do and you’ll be equal  women working the big heavy factory machine in WWII o Victorian pretended it was natural for women to be weak  Educational attainment by median income and sex, 2014 occupational segregation o As women get more and more degrees the pay gap doesn’t really change o Started in 1950’s, accelerated in 70’s and 80’s   Occupational segregation: o Women and men are working different jobs and women are making less MARRI AGE & o When women move into a job/field: the pay scale goes down when women  dominate a field o “honey you don’t need to be paid as much, you are being taken care of by a father or husband” o


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