PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/11/16
PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/11/16 PSY 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lorren Roberts on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Mark A Deskovitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
Chapter 6: Memory Stage model of memory (figure 6.1 and 6.4 in book) Sensory memory o Briefly stores sensory impressions so they overlap slightly, making us perceive the world as continuous o Visual sensory memory (iconic memory) brief memory of an image or icon o Auditory sensory memory (echoic memory) brief memory that is like an echo Shortterm memory (working memory) provides temporary storage for information being transferred from sensory to longterm memory o Information is held up to 20 seconds o Information can be maintained in shortterm memory if it is rehearsed over and over, if it’s not actively rehearsed it is lost o Maintenance rehearsal the mental or verbal repetition of information in order to maintain it beyond the usual 20 seconds o Working memory refers to the active, conscious manipulation of information needed for complex cognitive tasks, such as reasoning, learning, and problem solving Longterm memory the storage of information over extended periods of time o Anything stored longer than 20 seconds, some information lasts a lifetime o Encoding transferring new information into a form that can be retrieved later Elaborative rehearsal involves focusing on the meaning of information to help encode and transfer it to longterm memory o Procedural memory long term memory of how to perform different skills, operations, and actions o Episodic memory long term memory of specific events or episodes, including the time and place that it occurred o Semantic memory long term memory of general knowledge that includes facts, names, concepts, definitions, and ideas o Explicit memory information or knowledge that can be consciously recollected, including episodic and semantic information (memory with awareness) o Implicit memory information that cannot be consciously recollected, but they still affect your behavior, knowledge, or performance of some tasks (memory without awareness) Retrieval the process of accessing stored information o Retrieval cue a clue, prompt, or hint that helps recall of a stored memory o Retrieval cue failure the inability to recall long term memories because of inadequate or missing retrieval cues o Recall involves retrieving information without the help of retrieval cues o Cued recall involves remembering an item of information in response to a retrieval cue o Recognition involves identifying the correct information from several possible choices o Serial position effect the tendency to remember items at the beginning and end of a list better than items in the middle Primacy effect tendency to recall the first items on the list Recency effect tendency to recall the last items on the list o Flashbulb memories the recall of very specific images or details surrounding a vivid, rare, or significant personal event (details may or may not be accurate)
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