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PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/11/16

by: Lorren Roberts

PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/11/16 PSY 100

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 100 > PSY 100 week 7 class notes 10 11 16
Lorren Roberts

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Chapter 6: Memory
Introduction to Psychology
Mark A Deskovitz
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology, Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lorren Roberts on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Mark A Deskovitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 10/16/16
Chapter 6: Memory Stage model of memory (figure 6.1 and 6.4 in book)  Sensory memory o Briefly stores sensory impressions so they overlap slightly, making us perceive  the world as continuous o Visual sensory memory (iconic memory)­ brief memory of an image or icon o Auditory sensory memory (echoic memory)­ brief memory that is like an echo  Short­term memory (working memory)­ provides temporary storage for information  being transferred from sensory to long­term memory o Information is held up to 20 seconds o Information can be maintained in short­term memory if it is rehearsed over and  over, if it’s not actively rehearsed it is lost o Maintenance rehearsal­ the mental or verbal repetition of information in order to  maintain it beyond the usual 20 seconds o Working memory refers to the active, conscious manipulation of information  needed for complex cognitive tasks, such as reasoning, learning, and problem  solving  Long­term memory­ the storage of information over extended periods of time o Anything stored longer than 20 seconds, some information lasts a lifetime o Encoding­ transferring new information into a form that can be retrieved later  Elaborative rehearsal­ involves focusing on the meaning of information to  help encode and transfer it to long­term memory o Procedural memory­ long term memory of how to perform different skills,  operations, and actions o Episodic memory­ long term memory of specific events or episodes, including the time and place that it occurred o Semantic memory­ long term memory of general knowledge that includes facts,  names, concepts, definitions, and ideas o Explicit memory­ information or knowledge that can be consciously recollected,  including episodic and semantic information (memory with awareness) o Implicit memory­ information that cannot be consciously recollected, but they  still affect your behavior, knowledge, or performance of some tasks (memory  without awareness)  Retrieval­ the process of accessing stored information o Retrieval cue­ a clue, prompt, or hint that helps recall of a stored memory o Retrieval cue failure­ the inability to recall long term memories because of  inadequate or missing retrieval cues o Recall­ involves retrieving information without the help of retrieval cues o Cued recall­ involves remembering an item of information in response to a  retrieval cue o Recognition­ involves identifying the correct information from several possible  choices o Serial position effect­ the tendency to remember items at the beginning and end of a list better than items in the middle  Primacy effect­ tendency to recall the first items on the list  Recency effect­ tendency to recall the last items on the list o Flashbulb memories­ the recall of very specific images or details surrounding a  vivid, rare, or significant personal event (details may or may not be accurate)


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