Rel 103, week 8
Rel 103, week 8 REL 103
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collin Wilbanks on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 103 at University of Mississippi taught by Mary F Thurlkill in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Intro to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in Religion at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
10 October 2016 Christian Ethics and Ritual Sources: Christian Bible (old and new) Model of Jesus, God incarnate Christian tradition (e.g., Church Fathers, theologians, and Lives of the Saints Human Beings Sinful nature (St. Augustine, 430 BC) Romans 6:23 — the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord Jesus’s commandment (emphasized) Matthew 22:36-40 — You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with al your mind…and you shall love your neighbor as yourself Reward of salvation and afterlife James 2:14-17 — what does it proﬁt, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can faith save him? If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food, and one of you says to them, “Depart in peace, be warmed and ﬁlled,” but you do not give them the things which are needed for the body, what does it proﬁt? Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead. An ethical life? — relationship with the ‘world’? martyrs and imitatio Christi Ignatius of Antioch: “Let me imitate the passion of my God… I give my life as a sacriﬁce" persistent ethic, even when Christians are the majority is it necessary as part of being a Christian to be suﬀering in some way? imitatio Christi — imitating the life of Jesus monasticism self control: Matthew 5:48 “Be ye as perfect as even your heavenly father is perfect" idea of controlling the most base parts of ourselves ora et labora priests — “ordained" all priests are monastics, but not all monastics are priests 12 October 2016 Correct Actions and the Afterlife Virtues: prudence, temperance, fortitude, justice, faith, hope, and love ethical goals — what you should aspire to Vices: pride, envy, greed, anger, lust, gluttony, sloth what to avoid Catholic Christianity, “purgatory”, and heaven/hell idea of purgatory evolved in the medieval church. It is a neutral state of being. Not heaven or hell, but it is for those who are bound to heaven. It is a state of being before one attains paradise — where one becomes truly aware of his sinful nature and its consequences. Reformation categories: works vs faith? “works righteousness” devalues celibacy, fasts, etc. yet ethical “purity” still suspicious of “world" Common ground social justice and equality (concerns for for, victims of violence, enslaved, gender inequality, and ecological ethics) Ethical Life and Ritual Performance Prayers, fasting, ecclesia ecclesia = the church. Where we’re taught about the 7 sacrements 7 sacrements, 2 most recognized by Christian groups: Baptism and Eucharist (communion) others: conﬁrmation — old enough to make decision to stay in or leave church ordination (into monastic lifestyle) into priesthood confession or penance marriage last rites 14 October 2016 Sacred Seasons Christmas — about the symbolism of light being born into the world nativity stories retell Jesus’s birth before Christmas is the season of advent — a time of reﬂection of Jesus’s coming Easter — commemorates the cruciﬁxion and resurrection Lent — time of reﬂection and identifying with Jesus’s sacriﬁce — give up something for a certain amount of time Islamic Ethics and Rituals Human beings ﬁtrah = muslim (submitter) everyone is born a Muslim. Muslim is one who submits, and every human being is born with the nature to submit to allah God creates man, and he directs the angels and the jinn to bow down because this is his new favorite collection. Jinn said no and angels did because they do not have free well. Jinn are led by Satan (Iblis). Then they were thrown to hell. Sources of ethics and rituals Qur'an Sunnah, Life of Muhammed lives of saints theologians
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