HPRB 3010 Class Notes
HPRB 3010 Class Notes HPRB 3010
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniel Hernandez on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HPRB 3010 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Robert Coffman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
Chapter 3 &5 – Values and Health Promotion (9/12) +Our Philosophies Health and Wellness is a personal philosophy Freedom to make personal decisions and our role as health professionals +Our Health Decisions Health consequences are often the result of our personal health decisions and behavior Lifestyle Immediate and Long-term consequences +How do values fit into health education and promotion? +Values and Health Professionals The Fiduciary Role The ethical perspective and our role o What does this have to do with our individual values? +Health Educators and Promoters The Educational Process o Personal Expectations As the professional o Share venture o Other’s expectations In Health Education and Health Promotion, it is not about telling people what to do Our values as health professionals: how could they interfere with our professional role and decisions? +Is it possible that the sources and values could compete or conflict with on another? +Values Conflicting and Competing Different sources of values Problem for Public Health Professionals Decisions about Priorities Importance to You vs Someone Else +Value Choices Ultimately, we choose our values, which often come from our lived experiences Worldview +Let’s Think About It… People have a goal. Examples of health goals? What do we have to do as health professionals? Incorporating the fiduciary role How can we use others’ values to be more effective at our jobs? o Learning about them +The Learning Process We need to learn about someone before we can help them Our expectations What do they want VALUES PRIORITIE We want to motivate people to voluntarily make health S changes +Values Permeate Our Lives Health can be proactive or reactive We cannot mandate health Value needs to be built into work We have to embrace values as a part of the decision making process o Focusing on and understanding values clarification (the topic for our next lecture) Chapter 3 &5 – Decision Making and Values Clarification (9/14) +Many things in Health and Life are about making a choice +Why do we choose to have certain values in our lives? +Looking at values and Decision Making What should people do if they value something, whether it be a behavior, a belief, a person, etc? Our behavior choices and our values “The test is in the test” Part of our job = contemplation! +Decision Making Rational vs Emotional Problems with letting emotions drive behavior We don’t want our emotions to overshadow our thinking capabilities +The Formation of Values and Behavior +What is the End Result? Value s Health Concep Behavi ts or Facts +Emotional Intelligence What is it? Being self-aware and detect other’s emotions Importance of Emotional Intelligence Affective part of us So many human emotions Could go on and on Shows us what we’re capable of +Building Personal Power Taking risks Conflict resolution Problem solving Self-reflection Coping skills +Why is it important for health professionals to understand this? To motivate people and understand their values +Public Health and Emotions How can public health professionals use emotions to achieve goals? How can emotions interfere with what public health professionals are trying to do? Chapter 5 – Ethics and Health Promotion (9/19) +Ethics +What are Ethics? Moral guidelines that coincide with society +What does it mean to act ethically? +Why should people act ethically? +Making Ethical Decisions Quote: “It’s always easier to fight for ones principles than to live up to them” – Alfred Adler +Basic Principles for common moral ground Value of life Goodness (rightness) Beneficence Justice(fairness) Truth-telling (honesty) Individual freedom (autonomy) +Professional Ethics What are professional ethics? o Moral guidelines that coincide with the workplace +Why do you think professional ethics are necessary? +What are research ethics? Respect for persons (informed consent), selection of subjects +Why do you think research ethics are necessary? Chapter 3 &5 – Review/Announcements/Ethics and Public Health (9/21) Website Review (talked about it-everything is on the document on ELC) Review +What are Professional ethics? +Research ethics? +How do they differ? How is each important? Public Health Ethics +Why does public health need a code of ethic? To develop trust with the community +The change from public health ethics being implicitly assumed to explicitly stated +What does a public health code of ethics accomplish? The standard that holds professionals accountable for their work and it develops common interest with the community; being transparent; justice +Ethical Issues in Health Promotion Obligations and availability of services Obligations between professionals and clients Obligations to third parties (insurance, family of the patient) Obligations between professionals and employees Obligations to profession +Ethical Decision Making Think about the last time you had to make a decision regarding an ethical dilemma. What thought process did you use? What factors weighed into your decision? +Ethical Decision Making Process Step 1: Define the problem, identify the issue, clarify the facts, and seek answers to relevant questions. Step 2: Identify the people who are likely to be affected. Step 3: Think about your ultimate goals. Step 4: Identify all possible alternatives. Step 5: Consider the potential consequences of each alternative. Step 6: Consider the nature of the alternatives (do they lead to people doing things that go against their behavior?) Step 7: Reflect on yourself. Step 8: Reflect on your society and your environment. Step 9: Apply the categorical imperative (would you want your decision to be replaced by others?) Step 10: Choose the best alternative, and be able to justify said choice. We did a group activity applying these steps.