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Intro to sociology note set 5

by: Thomas Salazar

Intro to sociology note set 5 1004

Thomas Salazar
Virginia Tech
GPA 3.32

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About this Document

notes include material for exam 2 , Marxist theory, Poverty
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Brunsma
Class Notes
Marx, capitalism, socialism, poverty
25 ?




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas Salazar on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. Brunsma in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
Note Set #5 Intro to Sociology MARX’s DIRECTION OF CAPITALISM I. Impoverishment of working class i. The mechanism of capitalism exploits the working class proletariat to destitution while the upper class gets richer II. Proletarianization i. The gap between owner and worker class expands to where virtually the whole population is of the working class III. Global spread of capitalism i. Capitalist markets spread out past national boundaries in order to keep up with the costs of production/resources, overriding other societal boundaries in the process IV. Growing class consciousness and organization i. The proletariat of individual nations become a global working class, in which workers from different countries will have more in common, and share more quality values with each other than with the upper class in their own country V. Revolution i. The global proletariat will rise up against the minority global owner class and dispose of capitalism altogether Critiques of Marx’s View  Does not account for the shift from industrial to post-industrial society  Nor the shift from emphasis on manufacturing based economy to the service sector  Two-class model no longer accurately describe the present day capitalist society  Underestimates the solidarity of class structures  Political power itself can be a source of inequality apart from the simple owner-worker relationship  The failure of “communist experiments” across the globe POVERTY  Poverty as a quality or description must be operationalized to be useful in scientific research ventures o Absolute poverty:  Federal poverty lines quantified as dollar amounts  “food basket” – the cheapest recommended food budget to get the daily amount of adequate nutrition for a family of 4  In the 50s, avg. family spent 1/3 of money on food, so the poverty line is considered 3x(food basket) o U.S. poverty line - 24,000$ / year


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