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PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/13/16

by: Lorren Roberts

PSY 100: week 7 class notes 10/13/16 PSY 100

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 100 > PSY 100 week 7 class notes 10 13 16
Lorren Roberts

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Chapter 6 continued
Introduction to Psychology
Mark A Deskovitz
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology, Psychology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lorren Roberts on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Mark A Deskovitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 10/16/16
Forgetting  The inability to remember information that was previously available  Why do we forget o Encoding failure­ the inability to recall specific information because of  insufficient encoding of the information for storage in long term memory (from  short­term to long­term) o Decay theory­ forgetting memories because we don’t use them and they fade  away over time as a way of normal brain processes o Interference theory­ forgetting is caused by one memory competing with or  replacing another memory  Retroactive interference­ when a new memory interferes with  remembering an old memory  Proactive interference­ when an old memory interferes with remembering  a new memory o Motivated forgetting­ refers to the idea that we forget because we are motivated to forget, usually because the memory is unpleasant or disturbing  Suppression­ a deliberate attempt to not think about and remember  specific information (occurs consciously)  Repression­ all memory that of a distressing event or experience is  blocked from conscious awareness (occurs unconsciously)  Imperfect memories (confused, wrong, tarnished) o Misinformation effect­ a memory distortion phenomenon in which a person’s  existing memories can be altered if the person is exposed to misleading  information o Source confusion­ a memory distortion that occurs when the true source of the  memory is forgotten o False memory­ a distortion or fabricated recollection of something that did not  actually occur o Schema­ an organized cluster of information about a particular topic  Script­ a schema for the typical sequence of an everyday event  Sensory memory deficit= deja vu (1/2 second forgetting) o Déjà vu experience­ a memory illusion characterized by brief but intense feelings  of familiarity in a situation that has never been experienced before  Processing memories in the brain o Amnesia­ severe memory loss  Retrograde amnesia­ inability to remember some or all of a persons past,  especially episodic memories for recent events  Anterograde amnesia­ the inability to form new memories o Brain structures involved  Hippocampus­ encodes and transfers new explicit memories from short  term to long term memory  Cerebellum­ memories involving movement (simple reflexes)  Amygdala­ encodes emotional aspects of memories  Prefrontal cortex­ memory involving the sequence of events, but not the  events themselves  Medial temporal lobe­ encodes complex memories by forming links  among the information stored in multiple brain regions o Alzheimer’s disease­ a progressive disease that destroys the brain’s neurons,  gradually impairing memory, thinking, language, and other cognitive functions,  resulting in the complete inability to care for oneself (most common cause of  dementia)  Dementia­ the decline and impairment of memory, reasoning, language,  and other cognitive functions occurring as a result of a disease or  condition


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