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Indicators of Child Abuse and Neglect File

by: Niki Notetaker

Indicators of Child Abuse and Neglect File 41731

Marketplace > University of Louisiana at Monroe > Social Work > 41731 > Indicators of Child Abuse and Neglect File
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Indicators of Child Abuse and Neglect File
Dr. Anita SHarma
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Niki Notetaker on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 41731 at University of Louisiana at Monroe taught by Dr. Anita SHarma in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see FAMILY VIOLENCE/SOCW PRACTICE in Social Work at University of Louisiana at Monroe.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
INDICATORS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT When you have concerns for a child's well­being, the indicators listed below may help guide you  in your thought process. Many of these "symptoms" or "signs" could be caused by things other  than abuse or neglect. Generally, these indicators do indicate that a child's safety may be at risk  and, at the very least, the situation should be assessed by a professional able to determine the  causes of these symptoms and offer the help and assistance necessary to reduce the risk to a  child.  Signs of Physical Abuse  Physical Indicators   Unexplained bruises and welts on the face, throat, upper arms, buttocks, thighs or lower  back in unusual patterns or shapes which suggests the use of an instrument (belt buckle,  electric cord) on an infant in various stages of healing regularly appear after absence,  weekend, or vacation  Unexplained burns cigarette burns, especially found on palms, soles of feet, abdomen,  buttocks immersion burns producing "stocking" or "Glove" demarcations on hands and  feet; "doughnut shaped" on buttocks or genital area  rope burns  infected burns indicating delay in treatment burns in the shape of common household utensils or appliances  Behavioral Indicators   behavioral extremes (withdrawal, aggression, regression, depression)  inappropriate or excessive fear of parent or caretaker  antisocial behavior such as substance abuse, truancy, running away fear of going home  unbelievable or inconsistent explanation for injuries  lies unusually still while surveying surroundings (for infants)  unusual shyness, wariness of physical contact Signs of Sexual Abuse  Physical Indicators   torn, stained or bloody underclothes  frequent, unexplained sore throats, yeast or urinary infections  somatic complaints, including pain and irritation of the genitals  sexually transmitted diseases  bruises or bleeding from external genitalia, vagina or anal region  pregnancy Behavioral Indicators   the victim's disclosure of sexual abuse  regressive behaviors (thumb­sucking, bedwetting, fear of the dark)  promiscuity or seductive behaviors  disturbed sleep patterns (recurrent nightmares)  unusual and age­inappropriate interest in sexual matters  avoidance of undressing or wearing extra layers of clothes  sudden decline in school performance, truancy  difficulty in walking or sitting Signs of Emotional Abuse  Physical Indicators   eating disorders, including obesity or anorexia  speech disorders (stuttering, stammering)  developmental delays in the acquisition of speech or motor skills  weight or height level substantially below norm  flat or bald spots on head (infants)  nervous disorders (rashes, hives, facial tics, stomach aches) Behavioral Indicators   habit disorders (biting, rocking, head­banging)  cruel behavior, seeming to get pleasure from hurting children, adults or animals; seeming to get pleasure from being mistreated  age­inappropriate behaviors (bedwetting, wetting, soiling)  behavioral extremes; overly compliant­demanding; withdrawn­aggressive; listless­ excitable Signs of Neglect  Physical Indicators   poor hygiene, including lice, scabies, severe or untreated diaper rash, bedsores, body  odor  squinting  unsuitable clothing; missing key articles of clothing (underwear, socks shoes);  overdressed or underdressed for climate conditions  untreated injury or illness  lack of immunizations  indicators or prolonged exposure to elements (excessive sunburn, insect bites, colds)  height and weight significantly below age level Behavioral Indicators   unusual school attendance  chronic absenteeism  chronic hunger, tiredness, or lethargy  begging or collecting leftovers  assuming adult responsibilities  reporting no caretaker at home How Can I Tell If A Child May Be Abused or Neglected? It is not necessary that you decide if a child is abused or neglected. Child abuse and neglect are  not always easy to identify. For example, bruises may or may not have been caused by abuse. A  child coming to school with head lice or dirty clothes may or may not be due to neglect. Yet, hundreds of people across the country are charged with the duty to be aware of the children  they see and work with daily, and to report suspicions of child abuse, neglect, or dependency. Your interaction with so many children, your professional training regarding child development,  and your innate sense of a child's well­being, gives you the ability and responsibility to protect  children from abuse and neglect. Recognizing a child in need of protection goes beyond the legal definitions of abuse, neglect and  dependency. It is an accumulation of everything you know and sense about a child or a situation. Recognition  does not always come about in a concrete way. It can be an inner voice that tells you that  something is just not right. That's when you should call Children's Services.


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