History 1301, The Rise of Democracy Week 8
History 1301, The Rise of Democracy Week 8 1301
Popular in History 1301: The Unites States to 1865
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Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruby Vargas on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Melanie L. Rodriguez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see History 1301: The Unites States to 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
New Political Culture of Democracy New Attitudes = Prompted Democratic Reforms o Economic Panic o People demanded sources of relief for it's political preference on voting policies. Acceptance of party and the rise of professional politicians. o Politics were for the "common man" Why did the people demand a new form of politics? o Political process opened up. o Political Parties= Mechanisms for resolving peaceful groups o Politician were coming from the middle class. Limitations of the Democracy Political System The tension between equality and opportunity How did equality alter? o Economic process challenged he opportunity of equality. o Allowed some white men to become rich but not others. o Equality did not mean equal wealth and condition o Women, Slaves, and Indians were not allowed to vote. Black discrimination maintained white equality What was the Jacksonian Era? o White men= wanted to become rich (unrealistic expectation) Political changes frightened Americans, therefore, sparked racism. Slaves/racism served as a refuge for the whites, from uncertainty of living. Jackson's Rise To Power Election of 1824 Jackson v. Adams o New 2 party system o Andrew Jackson became popular o Jackson lost election which lead his supporters assume that a corrupt bargain stole the election. How did Jackson win the 1828 election? o Adams was not politically a savvy pres. o Jackson established himself as a representative of the people. o "Pres. of the people" o Conveyed the common person's attitude and values. The Bank War National Bank Panic 1819 o 2nd national bank underwent economic downfall. o 1830 the Bank pres. expanded the bank's influence. What were the 3 major problems Jackson faced as Pres.? o Indian Removal o Economy became specialized o Bank (suffered by credit and loans) Jackson crippled the bank after his reel tion Congress passed recharter bill but Jackson vetoed it. o Jackson claimed it was unconstitutional What became the main of focus? o Bank became the central issue (1832) Jackson refused to deposit fed. funds in the national bank. Jackson's impact on the presidency. o Strengthened authority of executive branch. o Modern presidency began with Jackson How did Jackson control Congress? 1. Veto power Van Buren and Depression "Van Ruin's Depression" Jackson's successor became associated with panic. (1837) 1840 Congress created independent treasury to keep gov. funds. What caused the country to enter depression? o International Cotton Market "bottom fell out" o 1843 economy recovered o Office forbidden to produce paper currency. (loans) o 1000+ people unemployed and businesses failed The Whig's Triumph o Organized by Henry Clay o 1840 Election = 1st modern Pres. campaign o Harrison defeated Van Buren o AntiJackson What is the Jacksonian Party System? Democrats o Ideology: Perceived conflict between "the people" and greedy aristocrats. o Limited Gov. o Feared Market Economy o Attracted Germans, and Irish religions. Whigs o Ideology: Commercial Development o Active Gov. o Promoted Economy o Attracted native born religious groups. Class Discussion: Jackson resembled Jefferson's ideology Jackson's nickname was "old hickory" o Hickory wood was tough jut like Jackson Jackson did what he wanted and whatever he said went. Video Notes: Spain had little control over Florida. GoalSeize Florida Andrew Jackson lived the rest of his life with a bullet in his chest because it was too deep to be surgically removed. Jackson's personality was violent (towards anyone inferior or who ever challenged him.) British frontier (Negro Fort)= where runaway slaves went and Indians. Bow and arrow was a favorable choice of weapon. It did not take up as much time reloading as a shot gun did.
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