New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Ancient Cities Oct 11 & 13

by: Katlyn Burkitt

Ancient Cities Oct 11 & 13 HIST 202

Marketplace > Towson University > HIST 202 > Ancient Cities Oct 11 13
Katlyn Burkitt
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover lecture on the above dates
Cities of the Ancient World
Class Notes
ancient, Cities, gaddotti
25 ?




Popular in Cities of the Ancient World

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katlyn Burkitt on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 202 at Towson University taught by Gadotti in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


Reviews for Ancient Cities Oct 11 & 13


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/16/16
Ancient Cities October 11, 2016 DISCLAIMER NOTES MAY BE DIRECTLY FROM LECTURE PRESENTATION Near East, Cyprus, and the Levant  Case Studies of the Mercantile cities  Enkomi (1700 BCE) o Bronze age, eastern part of Cyprus, on the coast. o Destroyed by fire and earthquake 1050BCe o Evidence that it was the capital of Alashiya (Important empire that controlled the copper trade)  Evidenced by documents from Amarna  A letter: King of Cyprus  King of Egypt o He speaks like they are brothers and sends copper o Stone foundations with mudbrick super structure o Open space with funerary structures build around o AIII  Before the wall was built  1450 BCE  fortification walls were added with stone foundation and mudbrick super structure  Laid out on a regular grid with main street met perpendicularly by 11 side streets that accessed 24 residential areas o Religious Buildings  Rectangular pillers, stepped entrance, main gateway to an inner sanctuary where a statue of the god would be  Ingot god and Horned god (Ancient names unknown) o Tombs  One type is cut into rock  One type is a rectangular building built out of ashlar with a stepped entrance  Ugarit o Mediterranean coast of Syria o Has been occupied since the Neolithic period o Best example of Levantine urbanism o Period contemporary to Enkomi  Excavated continuously  Have a palace, temple, city wall, fortresses, toms, and domestic architecture. With approximately 5,000 – 8,000 people living there. (This is why it’s important because they have all the forms of monumental architecture in this location) o The Palace  Built in stone  One-acre large  Tombs to the north  Administration to the South and east  Garden and potential living quarters to the east o Temples  Found on the acropolis  The temple of Baal (The god)  The temple of Dagan (Storm god older than Baal)  Both  Strong foundations supporting platform to the central worship center  Monumental internal staircase indicating multiple stories  Residential areas nearby housed people who worked at the temple o No regularity in structure o No social distinction between neighborhoods o Destroyed and abandoned around 1200BCE Ancient Cities October 13, 2016 DISCLAIMER NOTES MAY BE DIRECTLY FROM LECTURE PRESENTATION Assyrian Capitals  City of Kalhu o Two citadels one for military purposes and one for religious and administrative purposes o Archeological evidence  Palace of Assurnasirpal II  Decorated with statues that were seen as protective genii  Dur- Sharukin (721-705) o Founded by Sargon II o The name means the fortress of Sargon o Surrounded by towered walls o The palaces of Sargon II was also there o Was never inhabited because Sargon died  Niveveh (705 – 681) o Where Senacherib moved the capital after the death of his father Sargon II. o He believed that by his death the gods were saying that he was too arrogant in his aspirations to move the capital Phoenician Urbanism  Located on the coast and spans from southern Syria to northern Israel  Sea bearing people that were never unified politically but always culturally  During the late bronze age, they were organized into city states  1100 BCE they engage in the timber trade with large merchant fleets  1000BCE Increase in trade activity under the control of the city of Tyre  Largest contribution is the Phoenician alphabet which is still in use in a modified form  Habors/Cities o Why do we have so little information?  All major Phoenician sites have been continually occupied meaning they are under modern cities, or they were systematically destroyed. o Atlit  Oldest example and best example  Gate divided it from the city o Tyre  2 Harbors: One natural and one artificial  2 Island joined together  Known for its purple dye  Market place in the NE  Palace in the S  Earliest evidence from external locations is 1400 BCE o Sidon  Not excavated, under a modern city  Has been occupied since the Paleolithic  Temple of Eshmun  Stone was the primary material  Large open area and court  Dedicated to the god of healing  Built near waters that were believed to have healing abilities  Built on a terrace  Temple of Amrit  Built out of stone  Around an artificial lake  Built on a platform  Dedicated to Megart (another healing god)  The lake was adorned with buildings and colonnades that were flaked with towers o Carthanege  Founded by a queen of Tyre  Had a rich agricultural hinterland  Main crops: Grain, olives, grapes, and figs which were grown on wealthy estates for both in city use and export  Exports: Food above, ivory, potter, and jewelry  Run by a hereditary oligarchy  Elected based on wealth and merit  Ran the city through assembly and council of elders  The city wall had gates and towers  There was another temple to Eshmun  Tophet  A children’s cemetery  This indicated that the individuals may have practiced child sacrifice which is also attested through records in the Hebrew bible, that states that these people killed children through fire as offerings to the gods  If this was the case it was the wealthier members of the society who had to offer a child or animal to appease the gods.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.