New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

psychology chapter 5: consciousness notes

by: Kira Lisle

psychology chapter 5: consciousness notes Psy120000

Marketplace > Purdue University Calumet > Educational Psychology > Psy120000 > psychology chapter 5 consciousness notes
Kira Lisle
Purdue University Calumet

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes contain information over chapter 5: consciousness
Elementary Psychology
Mrs. January
Class Notes
psych, 120
25 ?




Popular in Elementary Psychology

Popular in Educational Psychology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kira Lisle on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy120000 at Purdue University Calumet taught by Mrs. January in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Educational Psychology at Purdue University Calumet.


Reviews for psychology chapter 5: consciousness notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/16/16
Chapter 5: Consciousness ❖ Consciousness:​ person’s subjunctive experience of the world and the mind ❖ Phenomenology:​ how things seen to the conscious person ❖ Consciousness has 4 basic properties ➢ 1.​ Intentionali​ being directed toward an object ➢ 2.​ Unity:​ resistance to division ➢ 3.​ Selectivity:​ capacity to include some objects but not others ■ Dichotic listening:​ task in which people wearing headphones hear different messages presented to each ear ■ Cocktail party phenomenon:​ people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby ➢ 4.​ Transience:​ tendency to change ❖ Multitasking well is a myth ➢ You can only focus well on one thing ❖ Mind wandering is not necessarily a bad thing!!! ❖ Sometimes we aren’t aware that we are daydreaming ❖ Consciousness ranges in levels from minimal to full to self-consciousness ➢ Minimal > low level ➢ Full > you know and are able to report your mental state ➢ Self-consciousness > person’s attention is drawn to the self as an object ■ Recognition of self in mirrors by humans and other animals ❖ Experiencing sampling techniques ❖ Mental control:​ attempt to change conscious states of mind ❖ Thought suppression:​ conscious avoidance of a thought ➢ Ironic processes of mental control ■ Freud​ vs ​Modern Dynamic cognitive Repression subliminal ❖ Altered state of consciousness: ​ orms of experience that depart from the normal subjunctive experience of the world and the mind ❖ Circadian rhythms:​ the biological clock in you body ❖ Experience​ > ability to feel pain, pleasure, awareness of sensory environment ❖ Agency​ > ability to plan or exert control ❖ Unity​ > resistance to division ❖ What you call multitasking is really task-switching ➢ It slows you down not more efficient better, faster, exerts less energy ❖ Sleep cycle ➢ 5 stages of sleep: ■ non-REM sleep ■ Stage 1 ■ Stage 2 ■ Stage 3 ■ Stage 4 ❖ REM sleep​ > a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and high level of brain activity ➢ Dreaming occurs most often here ➢ Body immobilized ❖ Most sleep disorders happen in stage 4 sleep (ie: sleep-walking) ❖ Memories deteriorate unless sleep occurs ❖ Short term sleep deprivation consequences: ➢ Decreased performance and alertness ➢ Memory and cognitive impairment ➢ Irritability ➢ Increased risk for accidents ■ Automobile ■ Occupational ❖ Prolonged sleep deprivation ➢ Microsleep > lasts 2-3 minutes. Individual isn’t aware of the sleep and reports a “zoning out” experience ➢ Delusions, hallucinations ➢ Medical conditions ➢ Death? ❖ Not enough sleep may lead to hunger which is why obesity is a problem with insomnia ❖ Sleep disorders: ➢ Insomnia:​ difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep ➢ Sleep apnea: ​person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep ➢ Somnambulism (sleep-walking):​ occurs when the person arises and walks around during sleep ➢ Narcolepsy:​ sudden sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activities ➢ Sleep paralysis:​ experience of waking up unable to move ➢ Night terrors: ​abrupts awakening with panic and intense emotional arousal ■ Night terrors are most often in children but sometimes occur in adulthood ❖ You should always wake them it is more dangerous to sleepwalk ❖ Somnambulistic > sleepwalkers in cartoons have their arms outstretched and eyes closed, but that’s just for cartoons ➢ A real life sleepwalker usually walks normally with eyes open, sometimes with a glossy look in their eyes ❖ There are five major characteristics that distinguish dreaming from waking consciousness: ➢ Intense emotion ➢ Illogical thought ➢ Meaningful sensation ➢ Uncritical acceptance ➢ Difficulty remembering ❖ Freud ➢ Dreams represent unacceptable wishes that the mind can only express in disguised form ➢ Manifest content:​ dreams apparent topic or superficial meaning ➢ Latent content:​ dreams true underlying meaning ❖ Activation - synthesis model ➢ Theory that dreams are produced when the brain attempts to make sense of activations that occur randomly during sleep ➢ fMRI scans of brains during dreaming show brain areas involved in emotion and visual imagery, but not the prefrontal cortex (planning) ❖ Information processing and problem solving: ➢ Consolidate new information - dreams may help sift, sort, and fix day’s experiences in our memories ➢ Help you understand new experience- dreams may link new events to old ones, putting them in context ❖ Psychoactive drug: ​a chemical substance that alters perceptions and mood (effects consciousness) ❖ Drug use, misuse, and abuse ➢ 1.​ Tolerance:​ tendency for larger doses of a drug to be required over time to achieve the same effect ➢ 2. ​Withdrawal:​ upon stop taking a drug (after addiction) users may experience undesirable effects of withdrawal ❖ Types of psychoactive drugs ➢ There are several categories of drugs ■ Depressant ■ Narcotics ■ Stimulants ■ Hallucinogens ■ Marijuana ➢ Depressants:​ substances that reduce the activity of the CNS ■ Includes alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and some toxic inhalants ■ Opiates are sometimes also included in this class ■ Barbiturates and benzodiazepines > often prescribed to treat anxiety or sleep problems ➢ Narcotics (opiates):​ highly addictive drugs derived from opium that relieve pain ➢ Stimulants:​ substances that excite the CNS, heightening arousal and activity levels ➢ Hallucinogens:​ drugs that alter sensation and perception and often cause visual and auditory hallucinations ➢ Marijuana:​ leaves and buds of the hemp plant that produces an intoxication that is mildly hallucinogenic


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.