HDFS Notes Week 7
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 311 at Colorado State University taught by Jaime Marie Rotner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
• Parental Contact • Increases in economic stress - Resilience During and After a Divorce • Good relationships with mothers • Civil relationship between divorced parents • Consistency of parenting between mother and father • Temperament for the child • Other supportive relationships - Effects of Single Parenthood - As with divorce, adolescents in never- married, single parent households are at greater risk for… • Low school achievement Depression • • Anxiety • Substance use • Early initiation of sexual activity - Family process is important to remember- inﬂuence can have a huge impact whether or not it comes from both parents or just one - African American (collectivist culture) families have a long tradition of extended family household, an an extended family structure has been found to provide importance assistance to single parent families where as in individualistic cultures extended family isn’t necessarily a support system for this encounter - Children with working families - 10% in the 1940s —> 70% in 2000 - Effects of Dual- Earner Families - Effects on Girls • tend to be become more conﬁdent • have higher career aspirations • see women’s role as more ﬂexible - Effects on Boys • more arguments with mothers and siblings • more egalitarian view of gender roles - For both numbers of hours parents work and quality of relationships with parents make a big difference Chapter 8 - Clarifying the Difference - Peer- people who are about the same age and share an environment with - Friend- people with whom you develop a valued, mutual relationship with - Family and Friends in Adolescence - Time spent with family decreases by about 28 minutes per day with parents - Time spent with friends increases by about 103 minutes per day with friends - Adolescents depend more on friends than their parents or siblings for companionship and intimacy - Friends are… • source of happiest experiences • those they feel the most comfortable with • talk the most openly with - Developmental Changes in Friendship - Intimacy- the degree to which two people share personal knowledge, thoughts, and feelings • Sullivan (1953) says that intimacy intensiﬁes starting around 10 years as perspective taking increases - Adolescent rate trust and loyalty as important - Adolescent friends know more about each other’s preferences, thoughts, and feelings than younger children. Know more speciﬁc and personal information about their friends as opposed to younger children when they know their favorite color and nothing too in depth. - Gender and Intimacy - Females • Tend to have more intimate friendships than boys • More likely to place higher value on talking together as a friendship component - Boys • Tend to have less intimate friendships than girls • More likely to emphasize shared activities as the basis on friendship - Fischer (1981)- one of the ﬁrst studies done to show what we prioritize in friendship - Late adolescents and emerging adults describe their closest relationship as… • Friendly- focus on shared activities that both parties choose to be involved in • Intimate- focus on affection, emotional attachment • Integrated- combines friendly and intimate • Uninvolved- focus on neither shared activities nor intimacy - College students were more likely than high school students to be rated as having an intimate or integrated friendship relationship - Why do adolescents become friends? - Similarity in… Age • • Gender • Educational Orientation- who you have classes with, same study habits • Media and leisure preferences- hobbies, music, sports, extra curricular activities • Participation in risk behavior • Ethnicity - Peer Pressure of Friends’ Inﬂuence? - Social norms approach- everyone around me is doing it is likely to have an inﬂuence on what we view as normal - Focuses more on friends rather than peers and the subconscious effect of hearing “pressure” and “inﬂuence” - Friends’ inﬂuence on Risk Behavior - A correlation exists between rates of risk behavior for adolescents and their friends - Correlation- things happen at the same time or one effects the other - Can we conclude that adolescents’ behavior is inﬂuenced by their friends? Why or why not? - Class thoughts • Still in the stage of ﬁnding their identity and the inﬂuence that friends have on them positive or negative • Impulsive behavior because the frontal cortex isn’t completely developed • Emotional way of coping with what adolescents are going through • Because there are rules (drinking at 21) they feel the need to rebel against that - Notes on the question • Egocentrism • Selective Attention- gravitate towards people who are interested in the same thing