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Class Notes

by: Luppino70
GPA 3.4

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Here is what we covered
Psychology of Adolescence
Dr. Jennifer Parker
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luppino70 on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 332 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Jennifer Parker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.

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Date Created: 10/16/16
Ch. 5 Peers Friday, October 7, 2016 7:53 AM Changes in the Nature of Peer Groups More time spent with peers than adults Ideally less supervision More interaction with opposite sex friends Larger collective crowds. Cliques: Very close group of friends and very small, between the numbers of 2 and 12. Interpersonal connection and only certain people allowed Bennett & Bauman Clique member; within the clique they are a part of the friendships Liaisons; on the boundary, may have a friend or two in the clique but are not a part of the group Isolates; hardly any connection to the clique Girls are more likely to be members of a clique In the US, male friendship groups are more permeable Cliques are not very stable, they often change or just dissolve Membership qualifications Thoughts and demeanor towards school Orientation on teen culture Engagement in antisocial activity Deviant groups Aggressive or antisocial or etc. Not fitting in in other social categorizes and make their own group Gangs: Those who all together act criminally. Gangs in general are responsible for 40% of the crime in the US (2011). Merrin, Hong, & Espelage (2015) looked at risk factors to joining gangs Depression w/ suicidal thoughts Gang members in the family Family dysfunction Peer substance abuse Bullying Feel isolated at school, disconnected Living in dangerous neighborhoods Impact of Cliques Witvliet et al. (2010) Isolated from friendship groups is a risk factor to increased possibility of depressive symptoms in early adolescents Paxton et al. (1999) Girls are more influenced by clique attitudes on body image Iatrogenic effects: Unintentional effects of treatment Group based interventions This often happens when teens are sent to detention centers for minor delinquent acts and then associate with more delinquents and become more delinquent Weiss et al. (2005) Meta-analysis showed there are not iatrogenic effects going on Crowds: Groups that participate in activities and have similar interests but loosely organized. Larger than 12 Age Grading: grouping people in institutions on the basis of similar age Particularistic Norms: Norms on behavior that are more spread out per individual, seen more in less industrial societies Universalistic Norms: Norms on behavior that everyone applies to in the community, found in more industrialized societies Sex Cleavage: From childhood to early adolescents where kids separate to boys and girls and then have cliques Participant Observer: Someone who joins a group to study them but does not tell them they are researching them. Ethnography: watching people in their natural setting Reference Groups: a group that an individual uses to measure themselves to where they want to be Sociometric Popularity: How much you are liked and adored Perceived Popularity: One's status, how much they have. Instrumental v. Reactive Aggression: Premeditated v. spontaneous Relational Aggression: trying to hurt someone by hurting their relationships with their friends, usually gossip Hostile Attribution Bias: Tendency to perceive ambiguous interactions as intentional hostility


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