Week 6 CRMJ 302
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luppino70 on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ 302 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Justin Patchin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
Ch. 8 The Family Baumrind's Parenting styles (Indifferent added by Maccoby &Martin Thursday, October 6, 2016 6:58 AM Demand The family is the most important social institution that socializes kids. Around 75% of moms of school age children are employed. 69% of kids grow up with both parents, 27% one parent, and 4% with no parents. Child Care is expensive, and finding someone who will take care of them. When are they allowed to stay home after school? Economic Stress of making enough money to at least get by. Nuclear Family: The family structure that is simply the parents and the children. This can cause a lot of stress from intense, close contact. Broken Family: A family with one or both parents gone due to divorce or separation. This is thought to possibly lead to antisocial behavior. Abuse is more likely to occur in these families. More likely to engage in sexting Family conflict; the more fighting going on is worse. If the child thinks the relationship is good, then the child is less likely to engage in delinquent behavior and vice versa. Intra Family Violence: Conflict and misconduct in a family where delinquent behavior occurs and kids learn early that aggression works to get what you want. Family Competence; do the members get along? Parental Efficacy: Parents making their kids feel like they are a part of the family unit while so allowed to express their individual preferences and traits. Resource Dilution: Too many members of the family and not enough money to spend on them to give them the support causing a lack of support and control. Parental Deviance; parents who engage in crime have kids that are likely to engage in crime. One thought is genetic, or exposure to violence, substance use, or just bad parents, stigmatization of the family name Authoritative Parenting: Using warm, firm control with rational issue oriented discipline. Emphasis on self-direction. Flexible, Assertive, High expectations, Well known standards. Results are good social and emotional maturity, children can handle responsibility better, higher self-esteem. Black, Asian and Hispanic families tend to be less authoritative Authoritarian Parenting: Punitive and forceful discipline. Obey and comply. Little Affection or emotional support Indulgent/Permissive Parenting: Just wanting to make sure the child is happy. "I want to be your friend." Low expectations, little direction, lenient. Results in high self-esteem, but in doing things their own way. Indifferent/Uninvolved Parenting: No demand or responsiveness. Can be neglectful. Not in the child's life at all. Passive, uninterested. Parental Responsiveness: How much a parent responds to a child's needs, in acceptance and support, especially emotionally Parental Demandingness: how much a parents asks for maturity and responsibility from their child, the parents strictness Blended Families: A family coming from divorce and remarriage. One parent from each family and children come together to make a nuclear family After 1874 was when the thought of removing kids from the home came around Battered Child Syndrome: Intentional physical harm to kids by their parent or guardian Child Abuse: Any type of physical, emotional, or sexual trauma to a child including neglect with no explanation for why Physical Abuse: Hitting or throwing. Emotional Abuse: rejecting, yelling at them, screaming at them, dejecting them. Sexual Abuse: Using the child for sexual uses, pictures, sex. 1.4-1.9 million kids are abused in the US, Severe child abuse has gone down, and parents are less likely to use corporal punishment. The parents were abused when they were children, presence of someone who is not related, isolated or alienated families. Substance abuse by parents is usually the cost of maltreatment. Stepchildren are more likely to be abused. More often seen in lower class families. Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (1974): Federal money for prevention assessment, investigating, and treatment. Social Control, Social Learning, General Strain Child Neglect: Ignoring children with not supporting them with food or shelter or health care or even love. Physical Neglect: No food or shelter or medical care, exposing kids to danger. Emotional Neglect: Failure to love, care, no concern. Abandonment: A parent actually leaving the child and intentional cutting the parent-child bond. Complete disconnect. All Sates have mandatory reporting for suspected abuse. Balancing of the Interests Approach: Trying to balance the parents right to raise the child while making sure the child is free from neglect and abuse Advisement Hearing: A hearing to determine permanent or temporary custody of kids from parents and if it is necessary to do so, justifiable. Then notify the parents of the charges. Pretrial Conference: an attorney for social services gives an overview of a case Disposition Hearing: social services presents their case and a recommendation for the child and the parents. Review Hearings: Meetings to decide if the plan made for the abused child are being meet Maryland v. Craig: CCTV can be used in child abuse cases because the child may be distressed if needed to testify. CCTV can be the same as in court testimony. Trying to increase good family functioning. Early childhood prevention. Better parenting skills Familicide: A murder with a parent with one or more child dies too. Troxel v. Granville: The due process clause protects parents right to care for and control their children Stantosky v. Kramer: The supreme court said kids have the right to be free from abuse and made guidelines for end of custody and even right to legal representation Foster Care: Putting a kid in a temporary care of another family from problems with the birth family. Usually temporary until the adoption stage is completed. White v. Illinois: Attorney do not need to bring young victims into a court or show why they are unavailable to serve as witness Low High Authoritati Indulgen ve t Authoritari Indiffere an nt High Responsiveness Low Ch. 9 Peers Thursday, October 6, 2016 10:00 AM Cliques: Small group of friends with a confidence and inside knowledge only those within know about, 2 to 12 people involved Crowds: Groups that participate in activities and have similar interests but loosely organized. Teens with deviant peers is a big indicator that the teen is also engaging in delinquent acts, but what came first? The delinquent peers or the acts then came the delinquent peers? Control Theories Structure and learning theories Mutual Support Gang: Those who all together act deviant in a group of 3 or more with a common name and symbol and engage in criminal activity Differentiating between group delinquency against gang delinquency Membership Regular, inner circle, leaders. Base their identity off of it. Peripheral, those who are on the outside or 'wannabe' Temporary Situational, those who associate with the gang but do not get involved in deviant activity. MN Gang Strike Force (Shut down due to corruption) Criteria for gang membership 1. Confession to membership 2. Seen associating with known gang members 3. Tattoos showing gang membership 4. Wearing identifiable gang symbols 5. In photos with known gangs members, using gang hand signs 6. Name found on a gang document/hit list/gang graffiti 7. Known gang member identity's you as a gang member 8. Arrested along with known gang members 9. Corresponds with known gang members 10. Write about gangs on walls, or texts, etc. Fredrick Thrasher (1927) Gangs offer lower SES youth fun and excitement and opportunities. Interstitial Group: delinquent groups that have practices like recruiting, status within, roles, goals, etc. Malcolm Klein (1967) Gangs form from kids who do not think they cannot gain wealth legally and will do so illegally. Innovators. Gangs seemed to go away in the mid-60s and came back in the 70s National Youth Gang Survey 2500 police departments. Over 85% of cities with a population over 100,000 people had gang problems. 850,000 gang members in over 30,700 gangs Contemporary Gangs Categorized by their usual activity. Fagan Social Gang, more into a gang for the social status of it, not very much deviance Party Gang, much drug distribution and consumption Serious delinquent gangs, not into drugs but into property crimes and trying to get rich Organized Gang, sort of like the mafia. Taylor Scavenger Gang, kids being together for protection. Associating with people through location and do so to survive. Location Transitional areas, Zone 2. Disorganized Neighborhood: Usually inner-city places with poverty with low social control Gangs are starting to move along with migrating What is the reaction by the neighborhood? Do nothing? Can the cops deal with gangs? Age Broad range but the trends show the average age is rising. Hagedorn (Milwaukee) Adult members may leave but still are involved in somewhat way, dope fiends, New Jacks, Do not want a regular job and just go to the streets, nothing wrong with it Homeboys, always affiliated with the gang Gender Fewer than % of gang members are women Women are involved in three ways Auxiliary, just on the sidelines Sexually mixed gangs, men and women in the gang but this is rare, found in smaller and looser gangs Autonomous gangs, Benefits for women Liberation view Social inquiry view, greater benefit for joining. Many women associated with gangs are exploited by male gang members Formation Some started to protect drug deals, many are homogenous Leadership Communication Graffiti: Drawing on walls by delinquents to show messages Posting: Body language used in a gang to message other members Hand signs Crips (Folks Nation) Gang Color is Blue, Six pointed star or crown, pitchforks facing up, orientation to the right side of the body, "BK" for blood killer. Gangster Disciples Began in Chicago by Larry Hoover. Allied with the folk nation, colors blue and black Bloods (People Nation) Gang Color is red, five pointed star, orientation to the left side of the body (Almighty) Vice Lords Colors gold and black, 5 point star, cane/top hat/bunny logo, upside down pitch fork (Almighty) Latin Kings Colors gold and black, 5 point crown, upside down pitchfork Menace/Masters of Destruction (MOD) Minneapolis based Asain gang, no nation ties MS-13 Very violent, blue and white, Salvador immigrant started, mostly in prisons, hate everyone. Symbol is the rock hand with a devil hand. Deviancy Training: Friends rewarding behavior though praise and talk and interaction. Near Groups: seemingly close groups but actually have member changes and no norms and limited cohesion Klikas: Subgroups of youths in Hispanic gangs with their own names and identity within the gang. Representing: giving signs to another gang and often starting a conflict Skinhead: Members of white supremacy gangs Prestige Crimes: Theft or assault to gain status. Usually an initiation Gang Sweep: police coming in with warrants and arresting as many people as possible to get as many as possible before they flea Detached Street Workers: Social workers who work with juvenile gangs and try to change their behavior and get them jobs and education opportunities