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PY101, Intelligence

by: Hannah Tomlinson

PY101, Intelligence Psychology 101

Hannah Tomlinson

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About this Document

Intro to Psychology
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 10/16/16
10/3 Intelligence What is Intelligence?  The ability to use knowledge to: -Reason -Make decisions -Make sense of events -Solve problems -Understand complex ideas -Learn quickly -Adapt to environmental Nature vs. Nurture  Entity view -Goddard (1920): intelligence is an innate ability, or present at birth  Incremental view -Binet (1916): “Intelligence is judgement and adapting to one’s circumstance.) The Eugenics Movement  Those of lesser intellectual capacity shouldn’t be allowed to reproduce  Facilities took these individuals (disabled) and sterilized them, so they couldn’t reproduce  This was the model for what happened in Germany for WWII Several Major Theories of Intelligence  General Intelligence -Spearman’s g (g represents general intelligence) -The idea that one general factor underlies intelligence -If you’re good at __, then you’re likely good at ___ too.  Fluid vs. Crystallized Intelligence -Cattell proposed that g consists of 2 types of intelligence -Fluid: nonverbal – problem solve, adapt to situations, complex circumstances -Crystallized: things you learn, knowledge – facts, education  Emotional Intelligence -EI: a form of social intelligence -Manage own emotions -Use own emotions to guide thoughts and actions -Recognize others’ emotions -Understand emotional language -If you can’t control your emotions in certain situations, you are not intelligent.  Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory -Analytic intelligence: mental steps or components used to solve problems -Creative intelligence: use of experience in ways that foster inside -Practical intelligence: ability to read and adjust to everyday life  Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences -8 Multiple Intelligence -Everyone is smart in different ways


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